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A feedback modification method based on variable separation mapping is proposed in the design of free-form optical system with uniform illuminance for LED source. In this method, the non-negligible size of LED source is taken into account, and a smooth optical system is established with single freeform surface regenerated by adding feedback to the lens(More)
A systematic method is proposed for designing an optical system for road lighting using an LED and a freeform lens that is optimized to produce a certain luminance distribution on the road surface. The proposed design method takes account of the luminance characteristics of the road surface, the energy efficiency of the system, the glare problem of the(More)
A combined feedback design method based on variable separation mapping is proposed in this paper to design free-form optical systems for an extended LED source with complicated illumination patterns. In this method, macro energy division and micro illuminance distribution feedback modifications are carried out according to the deviation between the(More)
Energy accumulating optimization based on dynamic programming is proposed to design non-rotational 3D high-compactness freeform optical surface for extended source. Each small piece which constructs the freeform optical surface is treated as a stage, and the normal vectors of the small pieces are treated as the decision variables. Then each small piece with(More)
We report thermal properties improvement of aluminum nitride (AlN) microring resonator by adopting epitaxial material and pedestal structure. With optimized inductively coupled plasma (ICP) dry etching using Cl<sub>2</sub>/BCl<sub>3</sub>/Ar mixture, pedestal microring resonators have been fabricated on epitaxial AlN. Transmission measurement reveals a(More)
Designing an illumination system for a surface light source with a strict compactness requirement is quite challenging, especially for the general three-dimensional (3D) case. In accordance with the two key features of an expected illumination distribution, i.e., a well-controlled boundary and a precise illumination pattern, a two-step design method is(More)
A novel backside-illuminated mesa-structure dual-drifting layer (DDL) uni-traveling-carrier photodiode (UTC-PD) is reported to demonstrate high-power performance at sub-THz frequencies. The DDL structure consists of a velocity overshoot layer and a velocity saturation layer, formed by inserting a 20 nm p-type cliff layer into the thick depletion region. In(More)
By introducing an aluminization process to achieve nucleation of nanowires (NWs), spontaneous growth of AlN NWs on Si substrates has been realized by plasma-assisted molecular beam epitaxy. The AlN NWs are grown from the nuclei formed by the aluminization process, and the NW density and diameter can be controlled by the aluminization parameters. The(More)
The freeform optical system plays a key role in illumination engineering, and several methods have been reported to manage the design of such system. In this paper, an approach to generate the polar-grids based flux transportation mapping for an arbitrarily-shaped target is proposed based on the conventional variable separation method. The source emitting(More)
Taking color quality scale (CQS) as color rendering assessment criterion, the parameters including each color LED's peak wavelength λi and fractional radiant flux Ii are optimized using genetic algorithm to maximize the luminous efficacy of radiation (LER) of the spectral power distributions (SPDs) of multi-color white light source with 3 to 7 components(More)