Yanjie Chang

Learn More
Imprinted methylation of the paternal Rasgrf1 allele in mice occurs at a differentially methylated domain (DMD) 30 kbp 5' of the promoter. A repeated sequence 3' of the DMD regulates imprinted methylation, which is required for imprinted expression. Here we identify the mechanism by which methylation controls imprinting. The DMD is an enhancer blocker that(More)
In mammals, imprinted genes have parent-of-origin–specific patterns of DNA methylation that cause allele-specific expression. At Rasgrf1 (encoding RAS protein-specific guanine nucleotide-releasing factor 1), a repeated DNA element is needed to establish methylation and expression of the active paternal allele. At Igf2r (encoding insulin-like growth factor 2(More)
Epigenetic programming is critical for normal development of mammalian embryos. Errors cause misexpression of genes and aberrant development (E. Li, C. Beard, and R. Jaenisch, Nature 366:362-365, 1993). Imprinted genes are important targets of epigenetic regulation, but little is known about how the epigenetic patterns are established in the parental germ(More)
The yeast TREX complex physically couples elongating RNA polymerase II with RNA processing and nuclear RNA export factors to facilitate regulated gene expression. Hpr1p is an essential component of TREX, and loss of Hpr1p compromises transcriptional elongation, RNA export, and genome stability. Despite these defects, HPR1 is not essential for viability in(More)
Characterization of the severe combined immune deficient (scid) defect in the recombination process has provided many insights into the underlying mechanisms of variable (diversity) joining recombination. By using recombination-inducible scid pre-B cell lines transformed with the temperature-sensitive Abelson-murine leukemia virus, we show that large(More)
Rb1 is essential for normal embryonic development, as null mice die in midgestation with widespread unscheduled cell proliferation. Rb1 protein (pRb) mediates cell cycle control by binding E2F transcription factors and repressing expression from E2F-dependent promoters. An increasing amount of evidence suggests that pRb loss also compromises cellular(More)
V(D)J recombination is the mechanism by which antigen receptor genes are assembled. The site-specific cleavage mediated by RAG1 and RAG2 proteins generates two types of double-strand DNA breaks: blunt signal ends and covalently sealed hairpin coding ends. Although these DNA breaks are mainly resolved into coding joints and signal joints, they can(More)
V(D)J recombination cleavage generates two types of dsDNA breaks: blunt signal ends and covalently sealed hairpin coding ends. Although signal ends can be directly ligated to form signal joints, hairpin coding ends need to be opened and subsequently processed before being joined. However, the underlying mechanism of coding end resolution remains undefined.(More)
Erythroid Krüppel-like factor (EKLF) plays an essential role in enabling beta-globin expression during erythroid ontogeny. It is first expressed in the extraembryonic mesoderm of the yolk sac within the morphologically unique cells that give rise to the blood islands, and then later within the hepatic primordia. The BMP4/Smad pathway plays a critical role(More)
To investigate the molecular mechanisms of the variable (diversity) joining (V(D)J) recombination process at an endogenous gene locus, recombination-inducible cell lines were made from both bcl-2-bearing severe combined immune deficiency (scid) homozygous and scid heterozyous (s/ + ) mice by transforming pre-B cells with the temperature-sensitive Abelson(More)
  • 1