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Juvenile hormone (JH) regulates many developmental and physiological events in insects, but its molecular mechanism remains conjectural. Here we report that genetic ablation of the corpus allatum cells of the Drosophila ring gland (the JH source) resulted in JH deficiency, pupal lethality and precocious and enhanced programmed cell death (PCD) of the larval(More)
The presence of phenoloxidase (PO) activity in the humoral fluid of amphioxus Branchiostoma belcheri tsingtauense was electrophoretically and spectrophotometrically studied. The enzyme was present in the humoral fluid predominantly as an inactive proenzyme, prophenoloxidase (proPO). The optimum temperature for activation of the proPO ranged from 30 degrees(More)
Ecdysone receptor (EcR) and its heterodimeric partner, ultraspiracle protein (USP), are nuclear receptors that mediate the action of the insect molting hormone 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E). There is evidence that the activity of both receptors is affected by phosphorylation. Using a proteomic approach, we have shown that protein kinase C (PKC) activity is(More)
Ischemic manifestations of atherosclerosis are mainly due to thrombus formation upon superficially eroded (denudation of luminal endothelium) plaques or deeply ruptured (fibrous cap rupture) plaques. Eroded plaques, atherosclerotic plaques without rupture, are found common in young patients of sudden death with coronary thrombosis. Our study aimed to(More)
Botanicals possess numerous bioactivities, and some promote healthy aging. Dietary macronutrients are major determinants of life span. The interaction between botanicals and macronutrients that modulates life span is not well understood. Here, we investigated the effect of a cranberry-containing botanical on life span and the influence of macronutrients on(More)
The nuclear receptor complex of the steroid hormone, 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E), is a heterodimer composed of EcR and USP. Our previous studies in Drosophila suggest that PKC modulates 20E signaling by phosphorylating EcR-USP. However, the exact phosphorylation sites in EcR and USP have not been identified. Using LC-MS/MS analysis, we first identified Ser35(More)
Drosophila is a genetically tractable system ideal for investigating the mechanisms of aging and developing interventions for promoting healthy aging. Here we describe methods commonly used in Drosophila aging research. These include basic approaches for preparation of diets and measurements of lifespan, food intake, and reproductive output. We also(More)
Diet composition is a critical determinant of lifespan, and nutrient imbalance is detrimental to health. However, how nutrients interact with genetic factors to modulate lifespan remains elusive. We investigated how diet composition influences mitochondrial ATP synthase subunit d (ATPsyn-d) in modulating lifespan in Drosophila. ATPsyn-d knockdown extended(More)
In this study, a wet spinning method was applied to fabricate regenerated cellulose fibers filled with low graphene loading which was systematically characterized by SEM, TEM, FTIR and XRD techniques. Subsequently, the mechanical and thermal properties of the resulting fibers were investigated. With only 0.2 wt% loading of graphene, a ∼ 50% improvement of(More)