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We report on a high-intensity source of polarization-entangled photon pairs with high momentum definition. Type-II noncollinear phase matching in parametric down conversion produces true entanglement: No part of the wave function must be discarded, in contrast to previous schemes. With two-photon fringe visibilities in excess of 97%, we demonstrated a(More)
We report a quantum teleportation experiment in which nonlinear interactions are used for the Bell state measurements. The experimental results demonstrate the working principle of irreversibly teleporting an unknown arbitrary polarization state from one system to another distant system by disassembling into and then later reconstructing from purely(More)
We report the first experimental demonstration of two-photon imaging with a pseudothermal source. Similarly to the case of entangled states, a two-photon Gaussian thin lens equation is observed, indicating EPR type correlation in position. We introduce the concepts of two-photon coherent and two-photon incoherent imaging. The differences between the(More)
Two-photon correlation phenomena, including the historical experiment of Hanbury Brown and Twiss, may have to be described quantum mechanically, regardless of whether the source of radiation is classical or quantum. Supporting this point, we present a ghost imaging type of second-order spatial correlation experiment of chaotic light to show that the(More)
We report a random delayed-choice quantum eraser experiment. In a Young's double-slit interferometer, the which-slit information is learned from the photon-number fluctuation correlation of thermal light. The reappeared interference indicates that the which-slit information of a photon, or wave packet, can be "erased" by a second photon or wave packet, even(More)
One of the most surprising consequences of quantum mechanics is the nonlocal correlation of a multi-particle system observable in joint-detection of distant particle-detectors. Ghost imaging is one of such phenomena. Taking a photograph of an object, traditionally, we need to face a camera to the object. But with ghost imaging, we can image the object by(More)
We report a proof-of-principle experiment on distant clock synchronization. Besides the achievement of picosecond resolution at 3 kilometer distance, this experiment demonstrated a novel concept for high accuracy non-local timing and positioning based on the quantum feature of entangled states. Accurate timing and positioning metrological measurements are(More)
We report a quantum interference and imaging experiment which allows identifying the entanglement in momentum and position variables of a two-photon system. The measurements show indeed that the uncertainties in the sum of momenta and in the difference of positions of the entangled two-photon satisfy both EPR inequalities Delta(k(1)+k(2))<min((Delta(More)