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To identify risk variants for glioma, we conducted a meta-analysis of two genome-wide association studies by genotyping 550K tagging SNPs in a total of 1,878 cases and 3,670 controls, with validation in three additional independent series totaling 2,545 cases and 2,953 controls. We identified five risk loci for glioma at 5p15.33 (rs2736100, TERT; P = 1.50 x(More)
Two genome-wide association studies of glioma in European populations identified 14 genetic variants strongly associated with risk of glioma, but it is unknown whether these variants are associated with glioma risk in Asian populations. The authors genotyped these 14 variants in 976 glioma patients and 1,057 control subjects to evaluate their associations(More)
In attempt to understand the underlying mechanisms of cancer-induced bone pain, we investigated the presence of two tetrodotoxin-resistant sodium channels, Nav1.8 (SNS/PN3) and Nav1.9 (SNS2/NaN), in dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons in an animal model of bone cancer pain. Thirty-six female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized into three groups: Sham(More)
The leaves of maize seedlings were used to measure leaf biomass including leaf length, width and weight, and to examine the relationship between nitric oxide (NO) synthase activity in microsomes and cytosol to the exo- and endo-beta-glucanase activity during growth. It was found that ultraviolet-B radiation (UV-B radiation) strongly induced nitric oxide(More)
It is generally accepted that glioma develops through accumulation of genetic alterations. We hypothesized that polymorphisms of candidate genes involved in the DNA repair pathways may contribute to susceptibility to glioma. To address this possibility, we conducted a study on 373 Caucasian glioma cases and 365 cancer-free Caucasian controls to assess(More)
While gliomas are the most common primary brain tumors, their etiology is largely unknown. To identify novel risk loci for glioma, we conducted genome-wide association (GWA) analysis of two case-control series from France and Germany (2269 cases and 2500 controls). Pooling these data with previously reported UK and US GWA studies provided data on 4147(More)
Six Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) serogroups, which include O26, O45, O103, O111, O121, and O145, are responsible for the majority of non-O157 STEC infections in the United States, representing a growing public health concern. Cattle and other ruminants are reservoirs for these pathogens; thus, food of bovine origin may be a vehicle for(More)
PURPOSE Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common and aggressive type of glioma and has the poorest survival. However, a small percentage of patients with GBM survive well beyond the established median. Therefore, identifying the genetic variants that influence this small number of unusually long-term survivors may provide important insight into tumor biology(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the role of the adenosine A1 receptor in the rapid tolerance to cerebral ischemia induced by isoflurane preconditioning. METHODS Seventy-five rats were randomly assigned into five groups (n = 15 each): Control, 8-cyclopentyl-1,3-dipropulxanthine (DPCPX), Isoflurane, DPCPX+Isoflurane and Vehicle+Isoflurane groups. All animals(More)
Glioma is the most common type of adult brain tumor and glioblastoma, its most aggressive form, has a dismal prognosis. Receptor tyrosine kinases such as the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR, ERBB2, ERBB3, ERBB4) family, and the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR), play a central role in tumor progression. We investigated the genetic(More)