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PURPOSE Total mesorectal excision with fluorouracil-based preoperative chemoradiotherapy and postoperative chemotherapy is a standard treatment of locally advanced rectal cancer. This study investigated the addition of oxaliplatin with and without preoperative radiotherapy. METHODS In this multicenter, open-label, phase III trial, we randomly assigned(More)
Long non-coding RNA, urothelial cancer associated 1 (UCA1), is reported to play a critical role in progression of carcinogenesis. In the present study, we identified differential expression of UCA1 in colorectal cancer (CRC) and paired peritumoral tissues using gene expression microarray analyses. qPCR analysis confirmed that UCA1 was upregulated in CRC(More)
Cordycepin (Cor), which is a naturally occurring nucleoside derivative isolated from Cordyceps militaris, has been shown to exert excellent antiinflammatory activity in a murine model of acute lung injury. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the antiasthmatic activity of Cor (10, 20, and 40 mg/kg) and to investigate the possible underlying molecular(More)
INTRODUCTION The rarity of thymomas and lack of multi-institutional studies have hampered therapeutic progress for decades. To overcome this, the members of the International Thymic Malignancy Interest Group created a worldwide retrospective database. This database was analyzed regarding the demographic and geographic distribution of thymomas and the impact(More)
Recent studies show that mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathways are two pivotal roles contributing to the development of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI). The present study aimed to investigate the protective effect of kaempferol (Kae), a naturally occurring flavonoid compound,(More)
Licochalcone A (Lico A), a flavonoid found in licorice root (Glycyrrhiza glabra), is known for its antimicrobial activity and its reported ability to inhibit cancer cell proliferation. In the present study, we found that Lico A exerted potent anti-inflammatory effects in in vitro and in vivo models induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The concentrations of(More)
BACKGROUND Altered small intestinal motility in cirrhotics may play a major role in the development of bacterial translocation (BT) by leading to small intestinal bacterial overgrowth. BT has been implicated in the development of several complications including spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, esophageal variceal hemorrhage, and hepatorenal syndrome.(More)
Isolation of putative cancer stem cells (CSCs) in various tumors has generated much excitement among researchers who consider these cells the potential "culprits" behind resistance to conventional therapy. Both cancer and cardiovascular disease are believed to be stem cell disorders involving circulating endothelial progenitors (CEPs) and mesenchymal stem(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine whether a second observer during colonoscopy increases adenoma detection. METHODS Consecutive patients undergoing screening colonoscopy were prospectively randomized to routine colonoscopy or physician and nurse observation during withdrawal. RESULTS Of 502 patients, 249 were randomized to routine colonoscopy, and 253 to(More)
BACKGROUND Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is associated with cancer. Cancer patient with thromboembolism have poorer prognosis. This study assessed the risk and mortality in pancreatic cancer patients who develop VTE. PATIENTS AND METHODS A retrospective chart review was performed of 201 patients with pancreatic cancer. RESULTS VTE was observed in 58(More)