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Black carbon (BC) is functionally defined as the absorbing component of atmospheric total carbonaceous aerosols (TC) and is typically dominated by soot-like elemental carbon (EC). However, organic carbon (OC) has also been shown to absorb strongly at visible to UV wavelengths and the absorbing organics are referred to as brown carbon (BrC), which is(More)
The ubiquitin ligase CUL4A has been implicated in tumorigenesis, but its contributions to progression and metastasis have not been evaluated. Here, we show that CUL4A is elevated in breast cancer as well as in ovarian, gastric, and colorectal tumors in which its expression level correlates positively with distant metastasis. CUL4A overexpression in normal(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The GSTM1, GSTT1 and GSTP1 polymorphisms might be involved in inactivation of procarcinogens that contribute to the genesis and progression of cancers. However, studies investigating the association between GSTM1, GSTT1 or GSTP1 polymorphisms and prostate cancer (PCa) risk report conflicting results, therefore, we conducted a(More)
OBJECTIVE In the present study, we sought to elucidate whether astaxanthin contributes to induce angiogenesis and its mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS To this end, we examined the role of astaxanthin on human brain microvascular endothelial cell line (HBMEC) and rat aortic smooth muscle cell (RASMC) proliferation, invasion and tube formation in vitro.(More)
This study was conducted to analyze the expression of the ubiquitin-specific protease Usp28 and assess its clinical significance in human bladder cancer. mRNA and protein expression levels of Usp28 were determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and Western blot in 24 paired bladder cancers and the adjacent non-cancerous tissues. In addition,(More)
The significance of irradiated normal brain volume in glioma recurrence is usually ignored by radiotherapists. The whole-brain irradiation (WBI) of 15 Gy in three fractions was delivered to C57BL/6 mice before implantation of GL261 glioma cells. The changes in vascular endothelial growth (VEGF) and stromal cell-derived factor 1α (SDF-1α) after WBI were(More)
Opa interacting protein 5 (OIP5), overexpressed in some types of human cancers, has been reported to be associated with the carcinogenesis of human cancer. However, the biological function and clinical significance of OIP5 in human Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma (CCRCC) remains unknown. In the present study, we found the expression of OIP5 was markedly(More)
Malignant gliomas invariably recur after irradiation, showing radioresistance. Meanwhile, cranial irradiation can bring some risk for developing cognitive dysfunction. There is increasing evidence that cytokines play their peculiar roles in these processes. On the one hand, cytokines directly influence the progression of malignant glioma, promoting or(More)
SHINE (SHN/WIN) clade proteins, transcription factors of the plant-specific APETALA 2/ethylene-responsive element binding factor (AP2/ERF) family, have been proven to be involved in wax and cutin biosynthesis. Glycine max is an important economic crop, but its molecular mechanism of wax biosynthesis is rarely characterized. In this study, 10 homologs of(More)
Cullin 4A (CUL4A) encodes a core subunit of an E3 ubiquitin ligase that targets proteins for ubiquitin-mediated degradation, and aberrant expression of the CUL4A is found in many tumor types. However, its roles and clinicopathologic significance in pituitary adenomas are not clear. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible role of CUL4A in(More)