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Agarwood is the fragrant resin-infused wood derived from the wounded trees of Aquilaria species. It is a valuable non-timber forest product used in fragrances and as medicine. Reforestation for Aquilaria trees in combination with artificial agarwood-inducing methods serves as a way to supply agarwood and conserve of wild Aquilaria stock. However, the(More)
Video streaming is going to drive the Internet to a new height. However, how to distribute the high-quality video streams that are already delivered to the doorsteps of ordinary customers to almost all rooms in their dwellings still remains a technique challenge. There are various proposals for wired, ``no-new-wires" or wireless approaches, but their(More)
Wheat yellow mosaic (WYM) caused by wheat yellow mosaic bymovirus (WYMV) has been growing as one of the most serious diseases affecting wheat production in China. In this study, the association of quantitative trait loci (QTLs) governing WYMV resistance with molecular markers was established using 164 recombinant inbred lines (RILs) derived from ‘Xifeng(More)
BitTorrent nowadays is one of the most popular peer-to-peer (P2P) applications on the Internet; on the other hand, Network Address Translation (NAT) has become pervasive in almost all networking scenarios. Despite the effort of NAT traversal, it is still very likely that P2P applications cannot receive incoming connection requests properly if they are(More)
Bufalin is a class of toxic steroids which could induce the differentiation and apoptosis of leukemia cells, and induce the apoptosis of gastric, colon and breast cancer cells. However, the anti-tumor effects of bufalin have not been demonstrated in lung cancer. In this study we used A549 human lung adenocarcinoma epithelial cell line as the experimental(More)
BACKGROUND There is a high probability of accidental perforation of the vertebral pedicle wall in pedicle screw insertion surgery. A pedicle screw (PS) measurement device with an optical probe has been reported to send out a warning signal before the PS tip breaking the vertebral pedicle wall. METHODS In this study, we explored the detection depth of(More)
BACKGROUND In China, large amounts of chemical insecticides are applied in fields or indoors every year, directly or indirectly bringing selection pressure on vector mosquitoes. Culex pipiens complex has evolved to be resistant to all types of chemical insecticides, especially organophosphates, through carboxylesterases. Six resistant carboxylesterase(More)
The allowed patterns of a map on a one-dimensional interval are those permutations that are realized by the relative order of the elements in its orbits. The set of allowed patterns is completely determined by the minimal patterns that are not allowed. These are called basic forbidden patterns. In this paper we study basic forbidden patterns of several(More)
We experimentally demonstrate broadband waveguide crossing arrays showing ultralow loss of 0.0 4dB/crossing (0.9%) on average and converging to 0.033 dB/crossing (0.075%) matching theory and cross-talk suppression over 35 dB in a CMOS-compatible geometry. The principle of operation is the tailored excitation of a low-loss spatial Bloch wave formed by(More)
—Caching in wireless device-to-device (D2D) networks can be utilized to offload data traffic during peak times. However, the design of incentive mechanisms is challenging due to the heterogeneous preference and selfish nature of user terminals (UTs). In this paper, we propose an incentive mechanism in which the base station (BS) rewards those UTs that share(More)