Yangyan Liang

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PURPOSE To assess the systemic and nociceptive effects of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitors in the modulation of acute pain in rats subjected to the formalin test. METHODS Formalin 5% was injected in the hind paw in the presence and absence of NOS inhibitors (e.g., 7-nitro indazole, N-nitro-L-arginine and aminoguanidine). Catheters were chronically(More)
We hypothesized that AHCC; (Amino UP Chemical Co., Ltd., Sapporo, Japan), a mushroom mycelium extract obtained from liquid culture of Lentinula edodes, restores immune function in LPS-induced inflammation in the gut, especially when the nitric oxide signaling pathway is impaired. This is the first inter-disciplinary proposal to identify molecular mechanisms(More)
BACKGROUND Specific factors in Parkinson's disease have become targets as to their protective and degenerative effects. We have demonstrated that cytokines and PD-CSF detrimentally affect microglia and astrocyte growth. While glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) has been recognized as a possible neuron-rescue agent, nitric oxide synthase (NOS) has(More)
Hypotension is a physiologic state of low blood pressure, the causes of which range from dehydration to underlying serious medical disorders. The aim of this study was to assess the utility of lactoferrin (LF), a natural immunomodulator, to restrain LPS-induced hypotension in rats. LF has previously demonstrated a role in mediation of immune responses,(More)
Sepsis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. NO, an endogenous vasodilator, has been associated with the hypotension, catecholamine hyporesponsiveness, and myocardial depression of septic shock. Although iNOS is thought to be responsible for the hypotension and loss of vascular tone occurring several hours after endotoxin administration, little is(More)
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