Yangsheng Zhou

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The plus-strand RNA genome of flavivirus contains a 5' terminal cap 1 structure (m7GpppAmG). The flaviviruses encode one methyltransferase, located at the N-terminal portion of the NS5 protein, to catalyze both guanine N-7 and ribose 2'-OH methylations during viral cap formation. Representative flavivirus methyltransferases from dengue, yellow fever, and(More)
Many flaviviruses are globally important human pathogens. Their plus-strand RNA genome contains a 5'-cap structure that is methylated at the guanine N-7 and the ribose 2'-OH positions of the first transcribed nucleotide, adenine (m(7)GpppAm). Using West Nile virus (WNV), we demonstrate, for the first time, that the nonstructural protein 5 (NS5) mediates(More)
Flaviviruses encode a single methyltransferase domain that sequentially catalyzes two methylations of the viral RNA cap, GpppA-RNA-->m(7)GpppA-RNA-->m(7)GpppAm-RNA, by using S-adenosyl-l-methionine (SAM) as a methyl donor. Crystal structures of flavivirus methyltransferases exhibit distinct binding sites for SAM, GTP, and RNA molecules. Biochemical analysis(More)
West Nile virus (WNV) has successfully spread throughout the USA, Canada, Mexico, the Caribbean and parts of Central and South America since its 1999 introduction into North America. Despite infecting a broad range of both mosquito and avian species, the virus remains highly genetically conserved. This lack of evolutionary change over space and time is(More)
An adaptive mutation (E249G) within West Nile virus (WNV) NS4B gene was consistently recovered from replicon RNAs in C3H/He mouse cells. The E249G is located at the C-terminal tail of NS4B predicted to be on the cytoplasmic side of the endoplasmic reticulum membrane. The E249G substitution reduced replicon RNA synthesis. Compared with the wild-type NS4B,(More)
Flavivirus methyltransferase catalyzes both guanine N7 and ribose 2'-OH methylations of the viral RNA cap (GpppA-RNA-->m(7)GpppAm-RNA). The methyltransferase is physically linked to an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) in the flaviviral NS5 protein. Here, we report genetic interactions of West Nile virus (WNV) methyltransferase with the RdRp and the(More)
through a Substrate Repositioning Mechanism 2 3 Hongping Dong, Suping Ren, Bo Zhang, Yangsheng Zhou, Francesc Puig-Basagoiti, 4 Hongmin Li, and Pei-Yong Shi 5 6 Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, College of Life Science, Nanjing 7 Normal University, P. R. China, and Department of Biomedical Sciences, School of Public 8 Health, State(More)
West Nile virus (WNV) is similar to other RNA viruses in that it forms genetically complex populations within hosts. The virus is maintained in nature in mosquitoes and birds, with each host type exerting distinct influences on virus populations. We previously observed that prolonged replication in mosquitoes led to increases in WNV genetic diversity and(More)
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