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OBJECTIVE To test for the reexpression of the chondroprogenitor splice variant of the gene COL2A1, type IIA procollagen (containing a cysteine-rich NH2 propeptide), in adult articular chondrocytes in osteoarthritic (OA) joint disease. METHODS In situ hybridization and immunohistochemical localization were performed on normal and OA articular cartilage(More)
Type II procollagen is synthesized in two forms generated by the alternative splicing of its precursor mRNA. The alternatively spliced domain, exon 2, encodes the 69-amino-acid cysteine-rich region of the NH2 propeptide. Studies of mRNA expression have shown that the longer form, designated Type IIA procollagen, is synthesized by chondroprogenitor cells and(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to develop a specific immunoassay for PIIANP and measure its serum concentration in healthy controls and in patients with osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In addition, we investigated circulating forms recognized by antiserum IIA in pools of serum from healthy adults, patients with OA and patients with(More)
Type II collagen can be synthesized in two forms generated by alternative splicing of the precursor mRNA. Type IIA procollagen, which contains a cysteine-rich domain in the NH(2)-propeptide (exon 2), is produced by precartilage and noncartilage epithelial and mesenchymal cells, and type IIB procollagen, without the cysteine-rich domain, is characteristic of(More)
Cartilage-derived retinoic acid-sensitive protein (CD-RAP) and mRNA were examined in the mouse fracture model by immunohistochemistry and Northern blot analysis and compared with the expression of type II collagen. We also studied the expression of the transcription factor Sox9, reported to enhance type II collagen and CD-RAP gene expression in vitro.(More)
Mice lacking type II collagen fail to develop intervertebral discs. The present study describes the distribution of the developmentally expressed type IIA procollagen molecule, as well as types I and III collagens, in human IV disc specimens ranging from 42 to 101 days gestation. Type IIA procollagen contains the alternatively spliced exon 2 which encodes a(More)
<lb>DEFENSINS IN OCULAR IMMUNITY<lb>by<lb>MINHAO WU<lb>May 2010<lb>Advisor: Dr. Linda D. Hazlett<lb>Major: Anatomy and Cell Biology<lb>Degree: Doctor of Philosophy<lb>Corneal infection with P. aeruginosa results in corneal perforation in susceptible<lb>B6, but not resistant BALB/c mice. This study explored their role mBD 1-4 in corneal<lb>infection, and(More)
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