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Aerosols alter cloud density and the radiative balance of the atmosphere. This leads to changes in cloud microphysics and atmospheric stability, which can either suppress or foster the development of clouds and precipitation. The net effect is largely unknown, but depends on meteorological conditions and aerosol properties. Here, we examine the long-term(More)
Retrieval of size distributions from multispectral optical depth measurements requires solution of an illposed inverse problem. The illposedness causes problems such as solution ambiguity. Size distribution retrieval becomes more complicated in the presence of nonspherical particles and/or refractive index errors. A new retrieval algorithm is first(More)
SUMMARY An armada of infrared 1-2 and other remote sensing equipment have been developed and deployed to characterize clouds from the ground, from airplanes, and from satellites. Perhaps someday we will be able to trust this equipment to provide all the information we need about clouds-we no longer will have to fly through them and directly record particle(More)
All authors listed on the manuscript concur with submission in its revised form. Abstract Aerosol indirect effects are the most uncertain of the climate forcing mechanisms that have operated through the industrial period. Several studies have demonstrated modifications of cloud properties due to aerosols and corresponding changes in shortwave and longwave(More)
A new one-dimensional radiative equilibrium model is built to analytically evaluate the vertical profile of the Earth's atmospheric radiation entropy flux under the assumption that atmospheric longwave radiation emission behaves as a greybody and shortwave radiation as a diluted blackbody. Results show that both the atmospheric shortwave and net longwave(More)
Subtropical marine low cloud sensitivity to an idealized climate change is compared in six large eddy simulation (LES) models as part of CGILS. July cloud cover is simulated at three locations over the subtropical Northeast Pacific Ocean which are typified by cold sea surface temperatures (SSTs) under well-mixed stratocumulus, cool SSTs under decoupled(More)
Next-generation computational sciences feature large-scale workflows of many computing modules that must be deployed and executed in distributed network environments. With limited computing resources, it is often unavoidable to map multiple workflow modules to the same computer node with possible concurrent module execution, whose scheduling may(More)
Next-generation scientific applications feature complex workflows comprised of many computing modules with intricate inter-module dependencies. Supporting such scientific workflows in wide-area networks especially Grids and optimizing their performance are crucial to the success of collaborative scientific discovery. We develop a Scientific Workflow(More)
A 60 h case study of continental boundary layer cumulus clouds is examined using two large-eddy simulation (LES) models. The case is based on observations obtained during the RACORO Campaign (Routine Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Aerial Facility (AAF) Clouds with Low Optical Water Depths (CLOWD) Optical Radiative Observations) at the ARM Climate(More)