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Both monoallelic and biallelic oncogenic NRAS mutations are identified in human leukemias, suggesting a dose-dependent role of oncogenic NRAS in leukemogenesis. Here, we use a hypomorphic oncogenic Nras allele and a normal oncogenic Nras allele (Nras G12D(hypo) and Nras G12D, respectively) to create a gene dose gradient ranging from 25% to 200% of(More)
Haploinsufficiency for GATA2 causes human immunodeficiency syndromes characterized by mycobacterial infection, myelodysplasia, lymphedema, or aplastic anemia that progress to myeloid leukemia. GATA2 encodes a master regulator of hematopoiesis that is also linked to endothelial biology. Though the disease-causing mutations commonly occur in the GATA-2 DNA(More)
KRAS is often mutated in human hematopoietic malignancies, including juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML) and T-cell lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma (TLL/L). However, the exact role and function of oncogenic KRAS mutations in the initiation and progression of JMML and TLL/L remain elusive. Here, we report the use of a mouse bone marrow transplantation(More)
Previous studies suggest that up-regulation of Ras signaling in neurons promotes gliosis and astrocytoma formation in a cell nonautonomous manner. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unknown. To address this question, we generated compound mice (LSL Kras G12D/+;CamKII-Cre) that express oncogenic Kras from its endogenous locus in postmitotic neurons(More)
Oncogenic NRAS mutations are frequently identified in myeloid diseases involving monocyte lineage. However, its role in the genesis of these diseases remains elusive. We report a mouse bone marrow transplantation model harboring an oncogenic G12D mutation in the Nras locus. Approximately 95% of recipient mice develop a myeloproliferative disease resembling(More)
Belgrade rats have an autosomal recessive anemia with hypochromia and microcytosis. Iron uptake into reticulocytes is approximately 20% of normal, but transferrin uptake is unimpaired. We have systematically compared the transferrin cycle in Belgrade versus normal reticulocytes to locate the defect more precisely. Belgrade transferrin was functionally(More)
We have used succinylacetone (4,6-dioxoheptanoic acid), a specific inhibitor of delta-aminolevulinic acid dehydrase, to gain insight into the defect in iron metabolism in the Belgrade anemia. The Belgrade rat has an inherited microcytic, hypochromic anemia associated with poor iron uptake into developing erythroid cells. Succinylacetone inhibits heme(More)
Acute T-cell lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma (T-ALL) is an aggressive hematopoietic malignancy affecting both children and adults. Previous studies of T-ALL mouse models induced by different genetic mutations have provided highly diverse results on the issues of T-cell leukemia/lymphoma-initiating cells (T-LICs) and potential mechanisms contributing to(More)
Overactive RAS signaling is prevalent in juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML) and the myeloproliferative variant of chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (MP-CMML) in humans, and both are refractory to conventional chemotherapy. Conditional activation of a constitutively active oncogenic Nras (NrasG12D/G12D) in murine hematopoietic cells promotes an acute(More)