Yang-mei Deng

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M(3) muscarinic receptors are localized on inflammatory cells, airway smooth muscle, and submucosal glands, known to mediate bronchoconstriction, mucus secretion, and airway remodeling. It is hypothesized bencycloquidium bromide (BCQB), a novel M(3) receptor antagonist, might have potential effects on airway hyperresponsiveness, inflammation and airway(More)
BACKGROUND Despite intensive studies focused on the pathophysiology of asthmatic inflammation, little is known about how cross-talk between neuroendocrine and immune systems regulates the inflammatory response during an asthmatic attack. We recently showed corresponding changes of cytokines and leukotriene B4 (LTB4) in brain and lung tissues of(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate whether transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) could induce alveolar epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) in vitro. Alveolar epithelial cells (AECs) from SD rats were isolated by elastase cell dispersion and IgG panning. Expression of alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA) was assayed using Western(More)
Aqueous extract from the fruiting body of Cryptoporus volvatus has been reported to present anti-tumor, anti-allergy, anti-inflammation and immunomodulatory activities. However, the effect mechanisms of anti-allergy and anti-inflammation are poorly understood. The aim of study is to evaluate whether Cryptoporus polysaccharides (CP) extracted from fruiting(More)
Phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) isozyme plays important roles in inflammatory and immunomodulatory cells. In this study, piclamilast, a selective PDE4 inhibitor, was used to investigate the role of PDE4 in respiratory function and inflammation in a murine asthma model. Sensitized mice were challenged with aerosolized ovalbumin for 7 days, piclamilast (1, 3 and(More)
PDE4 (phosphodiesterase-4) plays a critical role in pathogenesis of allergic asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). PDE4 inhibitors are presently under clinical development for the treatment of asthma and/or COPD. Ciclamilast, a new PDE4 inhibitor, is a piclamilast (RP 73401) structural analogue, but has a more potent inhibitory effect on(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the immunomodulatory effects of the volatile oil of ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) in vitro and in vivo in mice. In vitro, the volatile oil of ginger (0.001-10 ng/mL) significantly inhibited T lymphocyte proliferation (P < 0.01), decreased the number of the total T lymphocytes and T helper cells (P < 0.01) in a(More)
AIM To explore the changes of leukotrienes (LT) in cerebral cortex and lung tissues in ovalbumin-induced rat asthma model and effects of different anti-asthma drugs on the changes. METHODS Aerosol antigen-induced changes of inflammation in bronchoalveolar lavage fluids (BALF), pulmonary and brain histologic section in sensitized rats were investigated.(More)
OBJECTIVE To study action of Cryptoporus volvatus ferment substance (CVFS) on leukotriene production of polymorphonuclear leukocytes in rats. METHODS The level of slow reaction substance (SRS) and leukotriene B4 (LTB4) in polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) in rats in vitro were determined with bioassay and HPLC. RESULTS CVFS 0.9, 2.7 g.kg-1 by ig(More)
Clinically sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) by using allergen extracts effectively alleviates the symptoms of allergic rhinitis and asthma. Supposed that oral administration of high-dose of allergen extracts imitates SLIT and may prevent IgE-related responses in allergic diseases, we investigated the effects of oral administration of allergen extracts from(More)