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Many scientific disciplines are now data and information driven, and new scientific knowledge is often gained by scientists putting together data analysis and knowledge discovery “pipelines”. A related trend is that more and more scientific communities realize the benefits of sharing their data and computational services, and are thus contributing to a(More)
Type 2C protein phosphatases (PP2Cs) are vitally involved in abscisic acid (ABA) signaling. Here, we show that a synthetic growth inhibitor called pyrabactin functions as a selective ABA agonist. Pyrabactin acts through PYRABACTIN RESISTANCE 1 (PYR1), the founding member of a family of START proteins called PYR/PYLs, which are necessary for both pyrabactin(More)
UNLABELLED The differentiation capacity of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) holds great promise for therapeutic applications. We report a novel three-stage method to efficiently direct the differentiation of human embryonic stem cells into hepatic cells in serum-free medium. Human ESCs were first differentiated into definitive endoderm cells by 3 days of(More)
PURPOSE Recent findings that human serum contains stably expressed microRNA (miRNA) have revealed a great potential of serum miRNA signature as disease fingerprints to predict survival. We used genome-wide serum miRNA expression analysis to investigate the role of serum miRNA in predicting prognosis of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). PATIENTS AND(More)
In this brief, a novel local descriptor, named local binary count (LBC), is proposed for rotation invariant texture classification. The proposed LBC can extract the local binary grayscale difference information, and totally abandon the local binary structural information. Although the LBC codes do not represent visual microstructure, the statistics of LBC(More)
Yang Zhao,1,4 Xiaolei Yin,1,2,4 Han Qin,1,2,4 Fangfang Zhu,1,2,5 Haisong Liu,1,2,5 Weifeng Yang,1,5 Qiang Zhang,1,2,5 Chengang Xiang,1,2,5 Pingping Hou,1,5 Zhihua Song,1,2 Yanxia Liu,1,2 Jun Yong,1 Pengbo Zhang,1 Jun Cai,1 Meng Liu,1,2 Honggang Li,1 Yanqin Li,1 Xiuxia Qu,1 Kai Cui,1 Weiqi Zhang,1 Tingting Xiang,1 Yetao Wu,1,2 Yiding Zhao,1 Chun Liu,1,2 Chen(More)
MEK/ERK signaling plays a crucial role in a diverse set of cellular functions including cell proliferation, differentiation and survival, and recently has been reported to negatively regulate mouse embryonic stem cell (mESC) self-renewal by antagonizing STAT3 activity. However, its role in human ESCs (hESCs) remains unclear. Here we investigated the(More)
Human induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells are similar to embryonic stem (ES) cells, and can proliferate intensively and differentiate into a variety of cell types. However, the hepatic differentiation of human iPS cells has not yet been reported. In this report, human iPS cells were induced to differentiate into hepatic cells by a stepwise protocol. The(More)
The reprogramming factors that induce pluripotency have been identified primarily from embryonic stem cell (ESC)-enriched, pluripotency-associated factors. Here, we report that, during mouse somatic cell reprogramming, pluripotency can be induced with lineage specifiers that are pluripotency rivals to suppress ESC identity, most of which are not enriched in(More)
Recently, direct reprogramming between divergent lineages has been achieved by the introduction of regulatory transcription factors. This approach may provide alternative cell resources for drug discovery and regenerative medicine, but applications could be limited by the genetic manipulation involved. Here, we show that mouse fibroblasts can be directly(More)