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Aiming to build a complete benchmark for better evaluation of existing ontology systems, we extend the well-known Lehigh University Benchmark in terms of inference and scalability testing. The extended benchmark, named University Ontology Benchmark (UOBM), includes both OWL Lite and OWL DL ontologies covering a complete set of OWL Lite and DL constructs,(More)
Many applications in scientific and engineering domains are structured as large numbers of independent tasks with low granularity. These applications are thus amenable to straightforward parallelization, typically in master-worker fashion, provided that efficient scheduling strategies are available. Such applications have been called divisible-loads because(More)
Color naming, which relates colors with color names, can help people with a semantic analysis of images in many computer vision applications. In this paper, we propose a novel salient color names based color descriptor (SCNCD) to describe colors. SCNCD utilizes salient color names to guarantee that a higher probability will be assigned to the color name(More)
In this paper we present an algorithm for scheduling parallel applications that consist of a divisible workload. Our algorithm uses multiple rounds to overlap communication and computation between a master and several workers. Multi-round scheduling has been used for divisible work-loads in previous work and our contribution is as follows. We use " uniform(More)
Keywords: Discrete Homological nontrivial critical point Morse theory Local linking a b s t r a c t In this paper, the existence and multiplicity results of solutions are obtained for the discrete nonlinear two point boundary value problem (BVP) ÀD 2 uðk À 1Þ ¼ kf ðk; uðkÞÞ k 2 þ is a parameter. By using the critical point theory and Morse theory, we obtain(More)
The ammonium-oxidizing microbial community was investigated in a granular sludge anaerobic ammonium-oxidizing (anammox) reactor that was operated for about 1 year with high anaerobic ammonium oxidation activity (up to 0.8 kg NH(4)(+)-N m(-3) day(-1)). A Planctomycetales-specific 16S rRNA gene library was constructed to analyse the diversity of the anaerobic(More)
In this paper, we propose a novel approach for learning generic visual vocabulary. We use diffusion maps to automatically learn a semantic visual vocabulary from abundant quantized midlevel features. Each midlevel feature is represented by the vector of pointwise mutual information (PMI). In this midlevel feature space, we believe the features produced by(More)
—In this paper, we derive the closed-form delay distributions of slotted ALOHA and nonpersistent carrier sense multiple access (CSMA) protocols under steady state. Three retrans-mission policies are analyzed. We find that under a binary exponential backoff retransmission policy, finite average delay and finite delay variance can be guaranteed for 2 and 4 3,(More)
BACKGROUND At least twenty genes/loci were shown to be associated with type 2diabetes in European original populations. Five of these genes were shown to be associated with type 2 diabetes (T2D) in Chinese populations. The purpose of this study was to replicate the association of genetic vairants in the eight diabetes-related genes/loci with type 2 diabetes(More)
T cell activation is regulated by the innate immune system through positive and negative costimulatory molecules. B7-H3 is a novel B7-like molecule with a putative receptor on activated T cells. Human B7-H3 was first described as a positive costimulator, most potently inducing IFN-gamma production and cellular immunity. In this study we examined the(More)