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With advances in technology and the economy, people are more inclined to buy cars. However, as a result, people forfeit their lives and property through accidents due to traffic congestion and traffic chaos. To ensure safe driving, anti-collision warning applications have been widely discussed. Most vehicular safety applications use vehicular positioning(More)
In the directional carrier sense multiple access-collision avoidance (directional-CSMA-CA) mechanism, the efficient channel access mechanism with a collision-controlled concept is one of the most challenging topics. Especially, in capillary machine-to-machine (M2M) where wireless personal area network (WPAN) is a key technology for its wireless(More)
The existing NAND flash memory file systems have not taken into account multiple NAND flash memories for large-capacity storage. In addition, since large-capacity NAND flash memory is much more expensive than the same capacity hard disk drive, it is cost wise infeasible to build large-capacity flash drives. To resolve these problems, this paper suggests a(More)
Recently, Internet of things (IoT) and Web of Things (WoT) lead us to the excellent era of connected everything device. However, the devices hardly show the property of the autonomous connectivity and the self-cooperation for applying in real-world environments. The purpose of this paper was to propose the adaptive IoT and WoT convergence platform that(More)
Time-of-arrival (ToA) has been the most popular measurement parameter when estimating distance between two nodes, i.e., ranging. Several localization-only systems such as radar systems, satellite positioning systems, ultra-wideband systems provide their accurate ToA estimation methodologies for the ranging in their physical layer. In contrast to the(More)
These days, a pervasive computing environment is a rapidly changing trend towards increasingly always-on connected computing devices in the convergence environment. In a pervasive computing environment, there are various multimedia web services and communications for various devices in order to provide interesting and invaluable information to users.(More)
There are many methods of healing wounds. Among these, light therapy is reported to be beneficial, as beams assist the human body in treating, sterilizing, and regenerating cells. Both Laser and LED irradiation with specific wavelengths induce proliferation of fibroblasts depending on the wound area or wavelength and are effective in wound healing. This(More)