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The treatment of liver injuries or hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has been hindered by the lack of efficient drug delivery. Even with the help of nanoparticles or other synthetic delivering agents, a large portion of the dose is still sequestered in the reticuloendothelial system. As an alternative, adipose-derived mesenchymal cells (AD-MSCs), which have(More)
The tip of the root is covered by a thimble-shaped root cap that is the site of perception and transduction for many environmental stimuli. Until now, little was known about how the root cap of rice (Oryza sativa) develops and functions to regulate the adaptive behavior of the root. To address this, we examined the formation of the rice root cap during(More)
An emerging concept is that cancers strongly depend on both internal and external signals for growth and invasion. In this review, we will discuss pathological and physical changes in the tumor microenvironment and how these changes can be exploited to design gold nanoparticles for cancer diagnosis and therapy. These intrinsic changes include extracellular(More)
Automotive headlamps adjustment mechanism is one of the necessary functional structures and now it has been standardized. The main purpose is to adjust the reflector mirrors up and down or sideways in the factory commissioning process and during the driving of users'. Mostly traditional adjustment mechanism designed to adjust individual light sources. Based(More)
BACKGROUND Rotator cuff tears with shoulder stiffness remain a difficult issue. Despite the reported satisfactory results of 1-stage surgery, little information is available regarding the factors that affect clinical outcomes. Purpose/Hypothesis: To evaluate the 1-stage arthroscopic treatment of rotator cuff tears with shoulder stiffness and to present the(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurological disorder of CNS and one of the most common neurodegenerative diseases. The exact mechanisms underlying PD has been unclear but it is believed that multiple factors are involved. Excessive exposure to manganese (Mn) can causes its accumulation in the human brain and subsequent neural damage and even(More)
PURPOSE To quantitatively evaluate the cartilage alteration of talus for chronic lateral ankle instability (LAI) with isolated anterior talofibular ligament (ATFL) tear and combined ATFL and calcaneofibular ligament (CFL) tear using T2 -mapping at 3.0T. MATERIALS AND METHODS In all, 27 patients including 17 with isolated ATFL tear and 10 with ATFL+CFL(More)
The growth hormone secretagogue-receptor (GHS-R) is an endogenous receptor for the gut hormone ghrelin. Here we report the identification and characterization of GHS-R1a in grass carp, Ctenopharyngodon idellus. The full-length GHS-R1a cDNA contained a 1803-bp coding domain sequence which encoded a peptide of 360 amino acid residues. Comparison analysis(More)
Ferulic acid is a polyphenolic compound contained in various types of fruits and wheat bran. As a salt of the active ingredient, sodium ferulate (SF) has potent free radical scavenging activity and can effectively scavenge ROS. In this study, we examined the effect of SF on iron-overloaded mice in comparison to a standard antioxidant, taurine (TAU). We(More)