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An algorithm that improves speech intelligibility in noise for normal-hearing listeners.
The findings from this study suggest that algorithms that can estimate reliably the SNR in each T-F unit can improve speech intelligibility. Expand
Rfx6 Directs Islet Formation and Insulin Production in Mice and Humans
It is shown that the transcription factor Rfx6 directs islet cell differentiation downstream of Neurog3, a unique position for RFX6 in the hierarchy of factors that coordinate pancreatic islet development in both mice and humans. Expand
A genome-wide association study identifies KIAA0350 as a type 1 diabetes gene
It is found that T1D was significantly associated with variation within a 233-kb linkage disequilibrium block on chromosome 16p13 that contains KIAA0350, the gene product of which is predicted to be a sugar-binding, C-type lectin. Expand
Secure Routing for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks
A new secure routing protocol, EndairALoc, is proposed that can resist not only active-1-1 attacks but also the wormhole attack and uses pairwise secret keys instead of public keys used in EndairA. Expand
Estimators of the Magnitude-Squared Spectrum and Methods for Incorporating SNR Uncertainty
  • Yang Lu, P. Loizou
  • Mathematics, Computer Science
  • IEEE Transactions on Audio, Speech, and Language…
  • 1 July 2011
Results indicated that the proposed estimators yielded significantly better speech quality than the conventional minimum mean square error spectral power estimators, in terms of yielding lower residual noise and lower speech distortion. Expand
Machine Learning at Facebook: Understanding Inference at the Edge
This paper takes a datadriven approach to present the opportunities and design challenges faced by Facebook in order to enable machine learning inference locally on smartphones and other edge platforms. Expand
HER2/PI-3K/Akt activation leads to a multidrug resistance in human breast adenocarcinoma cells
The results suggest that activation of Akt1 by HER2/PI-3K plays an important role in conferring a broad-spectrum chemoresistance on breast cancer cells and that Akt may therefore be a novel molecular target for therapies that would improve the outcome of patients with breast cancer. Expand
On Security Analysis of Proof-of-Elapsed-Time (PoET)
A theoretical framework for evaluating a PoET based blockchain system is developed, and it is shown that the current design is vulnerable in the sense that adversary can jeopardize the blockchain system by only compromising \(\varTheta (\log \log n/\log n)\) fraction of the participating nodes. Expand
A geometric approach to spectral subtraction
Analysis of the gain function of the proposed spectral subtraction algorithm indicated that it possesses similar properties as the traditional MMSE algorithm, and Objective evaluation showed that it performed significantly better than the traditional spectral subtractive algorithm. Expand
Cold welding of ultrathin gold nanowires.
It is demonstrated that single-crystalline gold nanowires with diameters between 3 and 10 nm can be cold-welded together within seconds by mechanical contact alone, and under relatively low applied pressures. Expand