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The incorporation of amperometric sensors into clothing through direct screen-printing onto the textile substrate is described. Particular attention is given to electrochemical sensors printed directly on the elastic waist of underwear that offers tight direct contact with the skin. The textile-based printed carbon electrodes have a well-defined appearance(More)
The influence of the bending-induced mechanical stress of flexible Nafion/GOx/carbon screen-printed electrodes (SPEs) upon the performance of such glucose biosensors has been examined. Surprisingly, such flexible enzyme/polymer-SPEs operate well following a severe bending-induced mechanical stress (including a 180 degrees pinch), and actually display a(More)
A sol-gel material of (3-mercaptopropyl) trimethoxysilane (MPTMS) is proposed to function as permselective membranes of biosensors. Permselectivity of MPTMS and Nafion was compared by studying their anti-interferent ability. Membrane porosity of MPTMS and Nafion was first confirmed via voltammetric responses in ferrocynite/ferricynite solution. In the(More)
We illustrate how the use of heated electrodes enhances the performance of glucose biosensors based on amperometric detection of the glucose-oxidase generated hydrogen peroxide. Nafion is shown to be an excellent matrix to protect glucose oxidase from thermal inactivation during the heating pulses. The influence of the electrode temperature upon the(More)
A Pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ)-dependent glucose dehydrogenase based platinum electrode was developed to detect glucose. Chromium hexacyanoferrate was modified onto this electrode to serve as an electron transfer mediator between PQQ and the platinum electrode. This biosensor showed the optimal response of glucose measurements at pH 7 and an operation(More)
A miniaturized wireless glucose biosensor has been developed to perform in vitro and in vivo studies. It consists of an external control subsystem and an implant sensing subsystem. The implant subsystem consists of a micro-processor, which coordinates circuitries of radio frequency, power regulator, command demodulator, glucose sensing trigger and signal(More)
Actinidia kolomikta (Rupr. & Maxim.) Maxim. leaves showed dramatic colour changes during plant growth phases, and we studied structure and optical properties of variegated leaves. Leaf surface cells were smooth, and there were no surface appendages (wax or trichomes) observed in variegated leaves. Palisade tissue cells in white and pink leaves were looser(More)
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