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Neurons in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) are responsible for the generation of circadian oscillations, and understanding how these neurons communicate to form a functional circuit is a critical issue. The neurotransmitter GABA and its receptors are widely expressed in the SCN where they mediate cell-to-cell communication. Previous studies have raised(More)
1. The intrinsic electrical properties of human neocortical neurons were studied with current-clamp and single-electrode voltage-clamp techniques in slices obtained from children, aged 3 mo to 15 yr, undergoing surgical treatment of intractable epilepsy. Neocortical samples were classified as most or least abnormal based on clinical data. Recorded neurons(More)
1. To study the synaptic mechanisms of excitatory transmission in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), we assessed the effects of excitatory amino acid receptor antagonists on excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs) recorded from SCN neurons in horizontal and parasagittal hypothalamic slice preparations from rats and guinea-pigs. The EPSPs were evoked by(More)
In mammals, the increased secretion of arginine-vasopressin (AVP) (antidiuretic hormone) and oxytocin (natriuretic hormone) is a key physiological response to hyperosmotic stress. In this study, we examined whether chronic hyperosmotic stress weakens GABA(A) receptor-mediated synaptic inhibition in rat hypothalamic magnocellular neurosecretory cells (MNCs)(More)
Light information reaches the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) through a subpopulation of retinal ganglion cells. Previous work raises the possibility that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and its high-affinity receptor TrkB may be important as modulators of this excitatory input into the SCN. To test this possibility, we used whole-cell patch-clamp(More)
To determine whether intraarticular pretreatment with N-methyl-D-aspartic (NMDA) receptor antagonist ketamine or memantine currently used in humans has prophylactic analgesia in arthritic pain, we examined the effects of their intraarticular injection before carrageenan injection into the knee joint on pain-related behavior and spinal c-Fos expression in(More)
Histamine, a neurotransmitter/neuromodulator implicated in the control of arousal state, exerts a potent phase-shifting effect on the circadian clock in the rodent suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN). In this study, the mechanisms by which histamine resets the circadian clock in the mouse SCN were investigated. As a first step, Ca(2+) -imaging techniques were(More)
Previous studies showed that heat-hyperalgesia and mechanical allodynia produced by chronic constrictive injury of the sciatic nerve were differentially sensitive to the NMDA receptor antagonist dextrorphan and to morphine and other opioid receptor agonists. These results support the hypothesis that different kinds of neuropathic pain symptoms are caused by(More)
The recent emergence of surgical treatment of childhood epilepsy has led to the accessibility of young human cerebral tissue for electrophysiological studies of the mechanisms involved in epileptogenesis. Intracellular recordings were obtained from neurons in slices prepared from neocortical tissue resected from children (3 months to 15 years) with(More)
1. The mechanisms responsible for evoked and spontaneous fast inhibitory postsynaptic potentials (IPSPs) in the hypothalamic suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) were studied with intracellular recording. SCN neurons, primarily ones identified as receiving excitatory optic nerve input, were recorded in rat and guinea-pig brain slice preparations maintained in(More)