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Systematically shape-controlled synthesis of inorganic nanocrystals has attracted increasing attention recently for both fundamental and technological interest. The shape evolution of CdSe nanocrystals with wurtzite structure in a unified method has been previously well studied, while the study on shape evolution of CdSe nanocrystals with zinc blende(More)
To probe metal particle/reducible oxide interactions density functional theory based ab initio molecular dynamics studies were performed on a prototypical metal cluster (Au20) supported on reducible oxides (rutile TiO2(110)) to implicitly account for finite temperature effects and the role of excess surface charge in the metal oxide. It is found that the(More)
  • Bin Xiao, Zhiqiang Niu, +12 authors Yadong Li
  • 2015
Previous studies have shown that crystal planes of heterogeneous catalysts could display enhanced activity, such that higher turnover or chemoselectivity could be achieved. Here we report an example where the reaction stereoselectivity was significantly affected by the catalyst crystal planes. In copper-catalyzed deoxygenation reaction of aromatic epoxides,(More)
Catalysis by gold supported on reducible oxides has been extensively studied, yet issues such as the nature of the catalytic site and the role of the reducible support remain fiercely debated topics. Here we present ab initio molecular dynamics simulations of an unprecedented dynamic single-atom catalytic mechanism for the oxidation of carbon monoxide by(More)
Surface structures and surface interactions are key factors that influence the reactivity and stability of nanomaterials. Combining experimental and theoretical investigations, we illustrate the roles of surface interactions in the formation and phase stability of an unusual TiO2(B) polymorph that preferentially exposes the plane of the highest surface(More)
The size-dependent surface activity of titania was illustrated through the formation of ultrafine nanocrystals with clean surfaces. It was demonstrated that, when the size of the nanocrystals was small enough, their surface activity could be significantly enhanced, as evidenced by the formation of transparent macroassemblies, their increased dispersity in(More)
The structure, composition, and atomic distribution of nanoalloys under operating conditions are of significant importance for their catalytic activity. In the present work, we use ab initio molecular dynamics simulations to understand the structural behavior of Au-Pd nanoalloys supported on rutile TiO2 under different conditions. We find that the Au-Pd(More)
We present results of ab initio electronic structure and molecular dynamics simulations (AIMD), as well as a microkinetic model of CO oxidation catalyzed by TiO2 supported Au nanocatalysts. A coverage-dependent microkinetic analysis, based on energetics obtained with density functional methods, shows that the dominant kinetic pathway, activated oxygen(More)
Understanding adsorbed water and its dissociation to surface hydroxyls on oxide surfaces is key to unraveling many physical and chemical processes, yet the barrier for its deprotonation has never been measured. In this study, we present direct evidence for water dissociation equilibrium on rutile-TiO2(110) by combining supersonic molecular beam, scanning(More)
We have constructed a general thermodynamic model of chemical potentials and applied ab initio electronic structure and molecular dynamics simulations, as well as kinetic Monte Carlo analysis, to probe the dynamical, reactive, and kinetic aspects of metal single-atom catalysts (SACs) on oxide support. We choose Au single atoms (SAs) supported on ceria as a(More)
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