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IL-12 and IL-18 are both proinflammatory cytokines that contribute to promoting Th1 development and IFN-gamma expression. However, neither IL-12R nor IL-18R is expressed as a functional complex on most resting T cells. This study investigated the molecular mechanisms underlying the induction of an IL-18R complex in T cells. Resting T cells expressed(More)
We recently reported that the intronic splice-site mutation IVS3-8G>A of CHRNA1 that encodes the muscle nicotinic acetylcholine receptor alpha subunit disrupts binding of a splicing repressor, hnRNP H. This, in turn, results in exclusive inclusion of the downstream exon P3A. The P3A(+) transcript encodes a non-functional alpha subunit that comprises 50% of(More)
The B7/CD28 co-stimulatory pathway plays a critical role in T cell activation and differentiation. Our previous study demonstrated that administration of B7.2-Ig fusion proteins to tumor-bearing mice elicits IL-4-dependent, CD8+ T cell-mediated tumor regression. Here, we investigated whether B7.2-Ig stimulation of tumor-sensitized CD8+ CTL precursors during(More)
T helper cell type 1 (Th1) and Th2 cells express distinct sets of chemokine receptors. In contrast to Th1 chemokine receptors, it is largely unknown how Th2 chemokine receptors such as CC chemokine receptor 4 (CCR4) are induced during Th2 differentiation. Here, we investigated the induction of CCR4 surface expression and ligand responsiveness evaluated by(More)
IL-12 promotes T(h)1 development/IFN-gamma expression by activating STAT4. However, it is still unclear how STAT4 elicits IFN-gamma promoter activation. Here, we investigated the mechanism by which IL-12-activated STAT4 functions for IFN-gamma induction in TCR-triggered T cells. TCR stimulation induced high levels of IFN-gamma production depending on(More)
The B7/CD28 costimulatory pathway plays a critical role in T cell activation including Th1/Th2 differentiation. However, little is known about whether CD28 costimulation favors polarization of either Th1 and Th2 or both. Here, we show a critical role of the natural ligands for CD28 molecules (B7.2-Ig or B7.1-Ig fusion proteins), particularly in the(More)
The temperature/pH dual sensitivity reed hemicellulose-based hydrogels have been prepared through glow discharge electrolysis plasma (GDEP). The effect of different discharge voltages on the temperature and pH response performance of reed hemicellulose-based hydrogels was inspected, and the formation mechanism, deswelling behaviors of reed(More)
The B7/CD28 costimulatory pathway plays a critical role in T cell activation including Th1/Th2 differentiation. However, little is known about whether CD28 costimulation favors polarization of either Th1 and Th2 or both. Here, we show a critical role of the natural ligands for CD28 molecules (B7.2–Ig or B7.1–Ig fusion proteins), particularly in the(More)
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