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—This paper presents a novel adaptive synthetic (ADASYN) sampling approach for learning from imbalanced data sets. The essential idea of ADASYN is to use a weighted distribution for different minority class examples according to their level of difficulty in learning, where more synthetic data is generated for minority class examples that are harder to learn(More)
Recognizing smiles is of much importance for detecting happy moods. Gabor features are conventionally widely applied to facial expression recognition, but the number of Gabor features is usually too large. We proposed to use Pyramid Histogram of Oriented Gradients (PHOG) as the features extracted for smile recognition in this paper. The comparisons between(More)
Regional haze episodes have occurred frequently in eastern China over the past decades. As a critical indicator to evaluate air quality, the mass concentration of ambient fine particulate matters smaller than 2.5 µm in aerodynamic diameter (PM 2.5) is involved in many studies. To overcome the limitations of ground measurements on PM 2.5 concentration, which(More)
Quadratic inference functions Single-index models a b s t r a c t In this paper, we focus on single-index models for longitudinal data. We propose a procedure to estimate the single-index component and the unknown link function based on the combination of the penalized splines and quadratic inference functions. It is shown that the proposed estimation(More)
BACKGROUND A recent comparative genomic analysis tentatively identified roughly 40 orthologous groups of C2H2 Zinc-finger proteins that are well conserved in "bilaterians" (i.e. worms, flies, and humans). Here we extend that analysis to include a second arthropod genome from the crustacean, Daphnia pulex. RESULTS Most of the 40 orthologous groups of C2H2(More)
The reference genome of apple (Malus × domestica) has been available since 2010. Despite being a milestone in apple genomics, the reference genome is difficult to be used as a reference in RNA-seq (RNA sequencing) analysis, a widespread technology in transcriptomic studies. One of the major limitations appears to be the low coverage of the reference(More)
Active electrosense is used by some fish for the sensing of nearby objects by means of the perturbations the objects induce in a self-generated electric field. As with echolocation (sensing via perturbations of an emitted acoustic field) active elec-trosense is particularly useful in environments where darkness, clutter or turbidity makes vision(More)
A waveguide-based retrieval method for measuring complex permittivity and permeability tensors of metamaterials is presented. In the proposed scheme, multiple independent sets of scattering data for the material under test with different orientations are measured in the frequency range corresponding to the dominant TE(10) mode. The method is applied to(More)