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Transport of preproteins into the mitochondrial matrix is mediated by the presequence translocase-associated motor (PAM). Three essential subunits of the motor are known: mitochondrial Hsp70 (mtHsp70); the peripheral membrane protein Tim44; and the nucleotide exchange factor Mge1. We have identified the fourth essential subunit of the PAM, an essential(More)
Mitochondrial preproteins destined for the matrix are translocated by two channel-forming transport machineries, the translocase of the outer membrane and the presequence translocase of the inner membrane. The presequence translocase-associated protein import motor (PAM) contains four essential subunits: the matrix heat shock protein 70 (mtHsp70) and its(More)
OBJECTIVE Childhood overweight and obesity have increased substantially in the past two decades, raising concerns about their psychosocial and cognitive consequences. We examined the associations between academic performance (AP), cognitive functioning (CF), and increased BMI in a nationally representative sample of children. METHODS AND PROCEDURES(More)
Myostatin is a transforming growth factor beta superfamily member and is known as an inhibitor of skeletal muscle cell proliferation and differentiation. Exposure to myostatin induces G1 phase cell cycle arrest. In this study, we demonstrated that myostatin down-regulates Cdk4 activity via promotion of cyclin D1 degradation. Overexpression of cyclin D1(More)
Integrins are heterodimeric type I membrane cell adhesion molecules that are involved in many biological processes. Integrins are bidirectional signal transducers because their cytoplasmic tails are docking sites for cytoskeletal and signaling molecules. Kindlins are cytoplasmic molecules that mediate inside-out signaling and activation of the integrins.(More)
OBJECTIVE We examined trends in incidence of treatment for diabetes-related end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in the U.S. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Using the U.S. Renal Data System, we obtained the number of individuals having diabetes listed as primary diagnosis who initiated ESRD treatment between 1990 and 2006. Incidence was calculated using the(More)
In present study, a facile prepared nano-sized magnetic support was successfully synthesized. Then this support was applied for lipase immobilization using glutaraldehyde as a coupling agent. Experimental data showed that the immobilized lipase exhibited good thermal stability and reusability. The lipase loading amount and activity recovery were found to be(More)
Transport of preproteins into the mitochondrial matrix requires the presequence translocase of the inner membrane (TIM23 complex) and the presequence translocase-associated motor (PAM). The motor consists of five essential subunits, the mitochondrial heat shock protein 70 (mtHsp70) and four cochaperones, the nucleotide exchange-factor Mge1, the(More)
Using terahertz time-domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS), we have investigated the THz spectra of astaxanthin and riboflavin and the spectra of two kinds of cell, haenatcoccus plusivalis and bacillus subtilis, which could produce astaxanthin and riboflavin, respectively, during their metabolite process. Riboflavin was found to be much more absorptive to THz(More)
Calcium-binding tyrosine phosphorylation-regulated protein (CABYR) is a highly polymorphic calcium-binding tyrosine- and serine-/threonine-phosphorylated fibrous sheath (FS) protein involved in capacitation. A putative domain (amino acids 12-48) homologous to the regulatory subunit of type II cAMP-dependent protein kinase A (RII) dimerisation and A(More)