Learn More
Interleukin (IL)-33 is an important member of the IL-1 family that has pleiotropic activities in innate and adaptive immune responses in host defense and disease. It signals through its ligand-binding primary receptor ST2 and IL-1 receptor accessory protein (IL-1RAcP), both of which are members of the IL-1 receptor family. To clarify the interaction of(More)
A new method of wet state (WS) sodium hydroxide (NaOH) was advanced to pretreat corn stover for enhancing biogas production. The results showed that 88% moisture content, 3-day treatment time and ambient temperature (20 degrees C) was appropriate for WS NaOH pretreatment. The NaOH dose of 2% and the loading rate of 65 g/L were found to be optimal in terms(More)
The methane production potential, biodegradability, and kinetics of a wide range of organic substrates were determined using a unified and simple method. Results showed that feedstocks that contained high energy density and easily degradable substrates exhibited high methane production potential and biodegradability. Lignocellulosic biomass with high(More)
Corn stover (CS) and chicken manure (CM) are ubiquitous agricultural wastes at low cost and have the potential to achieve a nutrient-balance when mixed together to produce biomethane via anaerobic digestion (AD). The main objective of this work was to investigate methane production at different CS to CM ratios and to evaluate the process stability under wet(More)
Getting over recalcitrance of lignocellulose is effective way to fuel production from lignocellulosic biomass. In current work, different pretreatments were applied to enhance the digestibility of corn stover (CS). Results showed that steam explosion (SE)-treated CS produced maximal methane yield (223.2 mL/gvs) at 1.2 MPa for 10 min, which was 55.2% more(More)
Anaerobic digestion (AD) of vinegar residue was investigated in continuously stirred tank reactor (CSTR). The influence of organic loading rate (OLR) and effluent recirculation on AD performance of vinegar residue was tested. Five OLRs, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5, and 3.0 g(vs) L(-1) d(-1), were used. The highest volumetric methane productivity of 581.88 mL L(-1)(More)
In order to investigate the effects of inoculum source and pre-incubation on methane production performance of chicken manure (CM) and corn stover (CS), two sets of bio-methane potential tests using non- and pre-incubated inocula (digested sludge from a municipal wastewater treatment plant (DSMW) and digested sludge from a chicken manure treatment plant(More)
AIMS Nelumbo nucifera (Gaertn.) leaves are used widely in modulating obesity in traditional Chinese medicine. Our previous work demonstrated that aporphine alkaloids from it increased the glucose consumption in mature 3T3-L1 adipocytes. However, the underlying mechanisms of this increase remain unclear. Here we investigated the modulating effects of(More)
The collection vehicle routing problems with intermediate facilities (CVRP-IF) is actually belong to a well-known generalization of VRP, the Multi-Depot Vehicle Routing Problem with Inter-Depot Routes (MDVRPI), which is a combinatorial optimization problem and holds a central place in reverse logistics management, such as waste collection management. This(More)
Hardware components, especially CPU and memory, have made a lot of progress in terms of energy efficiency in the last decade. However, it is still far from the ideal energy proportional. Motivated by the recent observations that the energy efficiency of hardware components varies to a great extent depending on the workload characteristics, we propose eCope,(More)