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Two complementary deoxyribonucleic acid (cDNA) clones encoding heat shock cognate 70 (HSC70) and inducible heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) were isolated from the liver of Wuchang bream (Megalobrama amblycephala Y.) using RT-PCR and rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE). They were named Ma-HSC70 and Ma-HSP70, respectively. The cDNAs were 2336 and 2224 bp in(More)
This paper presents an off-line Arabic handwriting recognition system using the Hidden Markov Model Toolkit (HTK). HTK is a portable toolkit for speech recognition system. The recognition system extracts a set of features on binary handwritten images using sliding widow, builds character HMM models and learns word HMM models using embedded training without(More)
Reports of influenza A virus infections in dogs has received considerable attention from veterinarians, virologists, and epidemiologists. Interaction between influenza viral hemagglutinin and cell oligosaccharides containing sialic acid residues results in infection. Sialic acids have an α-2,3-linkage to the penultimate galactose in the avian influenza(More)
This study aimed to obtain natural cultures of anaerobic fungi and their indigenously associated methanogens from herbivores and investigate their ability to degrade lignocelluloses to methane. Eight natural cultures were obtained by Hungate roll tube technique. The fungi were identified as belonging to Piromyces, Anaeromyces and Neocallimastix respectively(More)
The present study aimed to analyze the expression levels and localizations of heat shock protein (HSP) 60 and HSP10 in the heart tissue of rats subjected to heat stress (42°C) for 0, 20, 80 and 100 min. Histopathological injuries and increased serum activities of serum lactate dehydrogenase and creatine kinase isoenzyme MB were detected in the heated rat(More)
Rumen methanogen diversity in the co-cultures with anaerobic fungi from goat rumen was analyzed. Mix-cultures of anaerobic fungi and methanogens were obtained from goat rumen using anaerobic fungal medium and the addition of penicillin and streptomycin and then subcultured 62 times by transferring cultures every 3 - 4d. Total DNA from the original rumen(More)
Thirty-six healthy piglets (weighing 10 ± 1 kg; three animals per pen) were randomly allocated to two treatments: (i) a low protein diet (14% crude protein [CP]) supplemented with lysine, methionine, threonine and tryptophan (Group LP) and (ii) a normal protein diet (20% CP, Group NP), resulting in six replicate pens per treatment. One piglet from each pen(More)
Three methanogen 16S rRNA gene clone libraries were constructed from liquid (LM), solid (SM) and epithelium (EM) fractions taken from the rumen of Jinnan cattle in China. After the amplification by PCR using methanogen-specific primers Met86F and Met1340R, equal quantities of PCR products from the same fractions from each of the four cattle were mixed(More)
—In this paper, we present a method for lexicon size reduction which can be used as an important pre-processing for an off-line Arabic word recognition. The method involves extraction of the dot descriptors and PAWs (Piece of Arabic Word). Then the number and position of dots and the number of the PAWs are used to eliminate unlikely candidates. The(More)
Infection of host cells with the influenza virus is mediated by specific interactions between the viral haemagglutinin (HA) and cell oligosaccharides containing sialic acid (SA) residues. Avian and human influenza viruses bind to alpha-2, 3 and alpha-2, 6 sialic acid-linked receptors, respectively. To date, there have been no detailed tissue distribution(More)