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Oxidative stress, which is defined as the over-production of free radicals, can dramatically alter neuronal function and has been linked to status epilepticus (SE). The pathological process and underlying mechanisms involved in the oxidative stress during SE are still not fully clear. In the current study, SE was induced in rats by lithium-pilocarpine(More)
Stenorynchoacrum xijiangensis, a new genus and a new species of Cyprinidae, is described from a tributary of the Zhujiang River (Pearl River) in Guangxi Province, China. It can be distinguished from other genera of Labeoninae by the following characters: middle part of rostral cap undeveloped, narrow, only covering the base of the upper jaw, both sides of(More)
Berberine, an isoquinoline alkaloid isolated from several traditional Chinese herbal medicines (TCM), exhibits a strong antimicrobial activity in the treatment of diarrhea. However, it causes human as well as animal toxicity from heavy dosage. The present study was conducted to investigate the cytotoxicity of berberine and its possible trigger mechanisms(More)
Larvae and juveniles of Coilia ectenes were collected in the Yangtze Estuary during June through September 2009 and in May 2011. Our objectives were to reveal the otolith microstructural pattern, and then to reveal the early growth and development process through otolith analysis for C. ectenes. A total of 368 individuals, ranging 4.4–81.2 mm body length(More)
In the title compound, C(10)H(14)N(4)·0.5H(2)O, the amino H atom of one of the two pyrazole rings is disordered over its two N atoms in a 1:1 ratio. The pyrazole rings are aligned at 60.1 (1)°. In the crystal, two bipyrazolyl mol-ecules are linked by an N-H⋯N hydrogen bond, generating a dimer; the dimer is connected to the water mol-ecule, which lies on a(More)
In the title compound, {(NH(4))(2)[Zn(C(8)H(6)O(8))]·4H(2)O}(n), the asymmetric unit contains one ammonium cation, half of a butane-1,2,3,4-tetra-carboxyl-ate anion, one Zn(2+) cation and two water mol-ecules. The butane-1,2,3,4-tetra-carboxyl-ate ligand is located about an inversion centre at the mid-point of the central C-C bond. The Zn(2+) cation is(More)
During the recrystallization of 3-[4-(2-carb-oxy-eth-yl)piperazin-1-yl]propionic acid, the carb-oxy-lic acid H atoms were transferred to the piperazine N atoms, forming the title compound, C(10)H(18)N(2)O(4)·2H(2)O, in which the zwitterion lies about an inversion center. In the crystal, bifurcated N-H⋯(O,O) hydrogen bonds connect the zwitterions into a(More)
In the title compound, C(10)H(9)NO(3), the dihedral angle between the phenyl ring and the amide group is 10.8 (2)°. The C=O and O-H bonds of the carboxyl group adopt an anti orientation and an intra-molecular O-H⋯O hydrogen bond closes an S(7) ring. In the crystal, N-H⋯O hydrogen bonds link the mol-ecules into C(7) chains propagating in [101]. The packing(More)
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