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Functional disconnectivity during the resting state has been observed in subjects with major depressive disorder (MDD), and in subjects at high genetic risk for major depression during task performance. It is hypothesized that functional impairments in certain brain areas are present in patients with MDD and in their first-degree relatives. To test this(More)
BACKGROUND Growing evidence shows that the etiological causes and pathological processes underlying major depressive disorder (MDD) and schizophrenia (SCZ) overlap. Our previous study revealed a strong association between the polymorphism ss178077483 in the miRNA-30e precursor (pre-miR-30e) and the risk of SCZ. We thus hypothesized that this SCZ risk allele(More)
Specific knowledge of the molecular pathways controlling host-pathogen interactions can increase our understanding of immune response biology as well as provide targets for drug development and genetic improvement of disease resistance. Toward this end, we have characterized the porcine transcriptional response to Salmonella enterica serovar Choleraesuis(More)
BACKGROUND Flaxseed consumption has been shown to improve blood lipids in humans and flaxseed-derived lignan has been shown to enhance glycemic control in animals. The study aimed to investigate the effect of a flaxseed-derived lignan supplement on glycemic control, lipid profiles and insulin sensitivity in type 2 diabetic patients. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL(More)
We aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of preoperative plasma osteopontin (OPN) levels in 101 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who underwent liver resection. Plasma OPN levels were detected by ELISA. The association of plasma OPN levels of patients with clinicopathological characteristics, tumor recurrence, and survival was analyzed. The(More)
In higher plants, DREB1/CBF-type transcription factors play an important role in tolerance to low temperatures, drought, and high-salt stress. These transcription factors bind to CRT/DRE elements in promoter regions of target genes, regulating their expression. In this study, we cloned and characterized a novel gene encoding a DREB1 transcription factor(More)
Copper (Cu) is an essential micronutrient. Its ability to exist in 2 oxidation states (Cu(1+) and Cu(2+)) allows it to function as an enzymatic cofactor in hydrolytic, electron transfer, and oxygen utilization reactions. Cu transporters CTR1, ATP7A, and ATP7B play key roles in ensuring that adequate Cu is available for Cu-requiring processes and the(More)
Cone snails, a group of gastropod animals that inhabit tropical seas, are capable of producing a mixture of peptide neurotoxins, namely conotoxins, for defense and predation. Conotoxins are mainly disulfide-rich short peptides that act on different ion channels, neurotransmitter receptors, or transporters in the nervous system. They exhibit highly diverse(More)
Two novel conotoxins from vermivorous cone snails Conus pulicarius and Conus tessulatus, designated as Pu14.1 and ts14a, were identified by cDNA cloning and peptide purification, respectively. The signal sequence of Pu14.1 is identical to that of α-conotoxins, while its predicted mature peptide, pu14a, shares high sequence similarity with ts14a, with only(More)
The aim of the present study was to detect the combined effect of negative life events and the norepinephrine transporter (NET) gene on the development of major depression (MD) in a Chinese population. We recruited 388 unrelated patients affected with MD and 388 healthy controls in this study. The score of 32 was used as a cut-off value for grouping the(More)