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Cardiolipin is a major membrane polyglycerophospholipid that is required for the reconstituted activity of a number of key mitochondrial enzymes involved in energy metabolism. Cardiolipin is subjected to remodeling subsequent to its de novo biosynthesis to attain appropriate acyl composition for its biological functions. Yet, the enzyme(s) involved in the(More)
The information about DNA-binding sites of regulatory protein is important to understanding the regulatory network of DNA-protein interactions in the genome. In this report we integrated chromatin immunoprecipitation with DNA cloning to isolate genomic sites bound in vivo by heat shock factor HsfA1a in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plantlets were subjected to(More)
Human CG (hCG) is the hormone associated with the maintenance of pregnancy. Although three related glycoprotein hormones, LH, hFSH, and hTSH, are secreted by the pituitary, HCG is the only one of this family of glycoprotein hormones that is produced by the placenta in primates to maintain the steroid hormone secretions of the corpus luteum. Although hCG is(More)
Adiponectin/adiponectin receptors (AdipoR) are involved in energy homeostasis and inflammatory pathways. To investigate the role of AdipoR2 in metabolic control, we studied the lipid and glucose metabolic phenotypes in AdipoR2-deficient mice. AdipoR2 deletion diminished high-fat diet-induced dyslipidemia and insulin resistance yet deteriorated glucose(More)
Regulatory T cells can restrict the uncontrolled immune response and inflammation, avoiding pathologic immune injury to the host and thus playing important roles in the maintenance of immune homeostasis. Until recently, many subsets of CD4 and CD8 regulatory T cells have been reported. In this study, we identified CD11c(high)CD8(+) T cells as a new subset(More)
The pre-metastatic niche educated by primary tumor-derived elements contributes to cancer metastasis. However, the role of host stromal cells in metastatic niche formation and organ-specific metastatic tropism is not clearly defined. Here, we demonstrate that lung epithelial cells are critical for initiating neutrophil recruitment and lung metastatic niche(More)
PISP1, a heteropolysaccharide isolated from fruiting bodies of Phellinus igniarius by hot aqueous extraction and purified by DEAE-Sepharose anion-exchange and gel filtration chromatography, is composed of fucose, galactose, mannose, and 3-O-Me-galactose in a ratio of 1:2:1:2. Methylation, monosaccharide analysis, and NMR studies (1H NMR, 13C NMR, COSY-45(More)
Arabidopsis heat shock factor HsfA1a is present in a latent, monomeric state under normal conditions; its activation involves heat stress-induced trimerization, binding to heat shock element in target promoters, and the acquisition of transcriptional competence. HsfA1a is an important regulator for heat stress-induced gene expression and thermotolerance.(More)
no comparative uptake data are available to supplement our evaluation of the intervention. Information relating to the outbreak was placed in 2 Orthodox Jewish newspapers and targeted information for families (in English, Yiddish, and Hebrew) has been disseminated. Finally, all 25 HPTs were alerted to this outbreak and the national Public Health England(More)
Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) facilitates the escape of pancreatic cancer cells from the primary tumor site, which is a key early event in metastasis. In the present study, we examined if intermittent hypoxia facilitates the invasiveness of human pancreatic cancer cell lines (Panc-1 and BxPC-3) by Transwell assay. We used western blotting and(More)