Yaneth Osorio

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We studied the reservoir competency of canines with distinct clinical presentations of Leishmania chagasi infection. The parasitologic status of asymptomatic and symptomatic dogs was determined by standard culture methods Infectivity was assessed by multiple xenodiagnoses with Lutzomyia longipalpis, over a period of 2-11 months. Asymptomatic dogs were(More)
The P-8 proteoglycolipid complex (P-8 PGLC), an amastigote antigen of Leishmania pifanoi, has been demonstrated to induce protection in mouse models, as well as to induce Tc1/Th1-like cellular responses in American cutaneous leishmaniasis patients. Because the immunization with P-8 PGLC in the murine model does not appear to be genetically restricted, we(More)
BACKGROUND New drugs are needed to treat visceral leishmaniasis (VL) because the current therapies are toxic, expensive, and parasite resistance may weaken drug efficacy. We established a novel ex vivo splenic explant culture system from hamsters infected with luciferase-transfected Leishmania donovani to screen chemical compounds for anti-leishmanial(More)
This study demonstrates that deletion of cysteine proteinase (CP) genes diminishes pathogenicity of Leishmania mexicana in non-murine experimental host models while preserving immunogenicity. Both cpb and cpa/cpb-deficient lines induced delayed disease onset, smaller lesions and lower parasite burden in hamsters. cpa/cpb-deficient L. mexicana grew more(More)
The infection rate with Leishmania chagasi and the population dynamics of small mammals were studied in an undisturbed forest reserve (Colosó) and an area of highly degraded forest (San Andrés de Sotavento [SAS]) in northern Colombia, both endemic for visceral leishmaniasis. Live trapping of mammals was done every month, and species, age, sex and(More)
The maintenance of host defense during pregnancy may depend on heightened innate immunity. We evaluated the immune response of pregnant hamsters during early infection with Leishmania (Viannia) panamensis, a cause of American cutaneous leishmaniasis. At 7 days post-infection, pregnant animals showed a lower parasite burden compared with nonpregnant controls(More)
The existence of an intracellular stage of Trypanosoma rangeli in the vertebrate host was evaluated by experimental infection of the U937 histiocytic cell line with the San Agustín strain and the Ub66-5b clone. The identity of the parasites at the beginning and end of the experiments was confirmed through biological behavior in the vector and mammal hosts,(More)
Paraflagellar rod proteins (PFR) are a potent immunogen against experimental Trypanosoma cruzi infection. PFR are highly conserved among kinetoplastid parasites. We therefore evaluated the immunogenicity of the Leishmania mexicana pfr-2 gene and protein product in the hamster model of American cutaneous leishmaniasis. Immunization with pfr-2 DNA-induced(More)
The Syrian hamster, Mesocricetus auratus, has distinct immunological features and is uniquely susceptible to intracellular pathogens. Studies in hamsters are limited by the relative unavailability of tools to conduct immunological studies. To address this limitation we developed duplex real-time reverse transcriptase (RT) PCR assays for the relative(More)