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BACKGROUND An estimated 100 million people have symptomatic dengue infection every year. This is the first report of a phase 3 vaccine efficacy trial of a candidate dengue vaccine. We aimed to assess the efficacy of the CYD dengue vaccine against symptomatic, virologically confirmed dengue in children. METHODS We did an observer-masked, randomised(More)
BACKGROUND Inactivated quadrivalent influenza vaccine (IIV4) containing two influenza A strains and one strain from each B lineage (Yamagata and Victoria) may offer broader protection against seasonal influenza than inactivated trivalent influenza vaccine (IIV3), containing a single B strain. This study examined the safety, immunogenicity, and lot(More)
BACKGROUND Acute hepatic failure (AHF) can be caused by a variety of viruses, drugs, toxins and metabolic disorders. AIMS A prospective study was conducted to determine the aetiology and outcome of AHF in Thai children aged 1-15 years. METHODS All serum samples were tested for anti-HAV IgM, HBsAg, anti-HBc IgM, anti-HCV, anti-HEV IgM and anti-dengue IgG(More)
This paper presents 7- and 10-year follow-up immunogenicity data from two studies, which explored long-term persistence induced by combined tetravalent DTPw-HBV vaccines. The 10-year follow-up study compared two identical antigen-content, but different formulations of DTPw-HBV vaccine (adsorbed on either Al(OH)(3) or Al(PO(4)), whilst the 7-year follow-up(More)
A trial to compare the reactogenicity and immunogenicity of a reduced antigen content diphtheria-tetanus-acellular pertussis (dTpa) vaccine with diphtheria-tetanus-whole-cell pertussis (DTPw) vaccine was conducted in Thailand. Three hundred and thirty children aged 4-6 years, primed with four doses of DTPw, received a single injection of either dTpa or(More)
Eighty-seven high-risk individuals in Thailand who had received a complete course of recombinant HBV vaccine 18-20 y ago were investigated with regard to their immunological memory. To evaluate humoral immunity, anti-HBs antibody titers were measured. Cellular immunity was determined by ELISPOT to detect HBV-specific IFN-gamma-producing cells. Overall 83.9%(More)
A live-attenuated tetravalent dengue virus (DENV) vaccine candidate has been well tolerated and immunogenic in healthy, US flavivirus naive adult volunteers. We conducted a pilot, safety, and immunogenicity trial of the vaccine candidate in healthy Thai children (6-7 years of age) to prepare for its eventual evaluation in Thai infants. In an uncontrolled,(More)
The immunogenicity and lot-to-lot consistency of an AS03-adjuvanted H5N1 vaccine were evaluated in 1206 Asian adults, randomised to receive two doses of adjuvanted (3.75 microg haemagglutinin) or diluent-mixed vaccines, 21 days apart. Post-Dose 2, 96.0% of vaccinees in the H5N1-AS03 group demonstrated a four-fold increase in neutralising antibody titres(More)
Blood samples were collected from healthy subjects, aged 9 months-29 years in urban and rural communities from 4 distinct regions in Thailand, to determine the seroprevalence rate of varicella-zoster virus (VZV) antibody and its relationship with demographic, climatic, and socioeconomic factors. The overall seroprevalence rate was 52.8% and increased from(More)
Evaluation of immunogenicity and safety of a 2-dose liquid formulation of human rotavirus vaccine, RIX4414 following WHO's Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) schedule (0, 1, and 2 months; Month 0 indicates day of enrollment) in Vietnam and the Philippines. Infants aged 6-10 (mean=8.7 ± 1.07 weeks Vietnam) and 5-10 weeks (mean=6.6 ± 1.03 weeks(More)