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During mitosis, a ras-related GTPase (Tem1) binds GTP and activates a signal transduction pathway to allow mitotic exit. During most of the cell cycle, Tem1 function is antagonized by a GTPase-activating protein complex, Bfa1/Bub2. How the Bfa1/Bub2 complex is regulated is not well understood. We find that Polo/Cdc5 kinase acts upstream of Bfa1/Bub2 in the(More)
A role for the mitotic spindle in the maturation of the kinetochore has not been defined previously. Here we describe the isolation of a novel and conserved essential gene, ASK1, from Saccharomyces cerevisiae involved in this process. ask1 mutants display either G(2)/M arrest or segregation of DNA masses without the separation of sister chromatids,(More)
In budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Cdc5 kinase is a component of mitotic exit network (MEN), which inactivates cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) after chromosome segregation. cdc5-1 mutants arrest at telophase at the nonpermissive temperature due to the failure of CDK inactivation. To identify more negative regulators of MEN, we carried out a genetic(More)
Aurora kinases have emerged as promising targets for cancer therapy because of their critical role in mitosis. These kinases are well-conserved in all eukaryotes, and IPL1 gene encodes the single Aurora kinase in budding yeast. In a virtual screening attempt, 22 compounds were identified from nearly 15,000 microbial natural products as potential(More)
Periodically regulated cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk) is required for DNA synthesis and mitosis. Hydroxyurea (HU) inhibits DNA synthesis by depleting dNTPs, the basic unit for DNA synthesis. HU treatment triggers the S-phase checkpoint, which arrests cells at S-phase, inhibits late origin firing and stabilizes replication forks. Using budding yeast as a(More)
The temporal phosphorylation of cell cycle-related proteins by cyclin-dependent kinases (Cdks) is critical for the correct order of cell cycle events. In budding yeast, CDC28 encodes the only Cdk and its association with various cyclins governs the temporal phosphorylation of Cdk substrates. S-phase Cdk substrates are phosphorylated earlier than mitotic Cdk(More)
At the end of the cell cycle, cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) activity is inactivated to allow mitotic exit [1]. A protein phosphatase, Cdc14, plays a key role during mitotic exit in budding yeast by activating the Cdh1 component of the anaphase-promoting complex to degrade cyclin B (Clb) and inducing the CDK inhibitor Sic1 to inactivate Cdk1 [2]. To prevent(More)
In S. cerevisiae cells undergoing anaphase, a ras-related GTPase, Tem1, is located on the spindle pole body that enters the daughter cell and activates a signal transduction pathway, MEN, to allow mitotic exit. MEN activation must be reversed after mitotic exit to reset the cell cycle in G1. We find that daughter cells activate an Antagonist of MEN pathway(More)
In budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, kinetochores are attached by microtubules during most of the cell cycle, but the duplication of centromeric DNA disassembles kinetochores, which results in a brief dissociation of chromosomes from microtubules. Kinetochore assembly is delayed in the presence of hydroxyurea, a DNA synthesis inhibitor, presumably due(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis kills about 2 million people annually and antibiotic resistance is a cause of increased mortality. Therefore, development of new antituberculosis drugs is urgent for the control of widespread tuberculosis infections. For this purpose, we performed an innovative screen to identify new agents that disrupt the function of ribosomes(More)