Yanchang Wang

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During mitosis, a ras-related GTPase (Tem1) binds GTP and activates a signal transduction pathway to allow mitotic exit. During most of the cell cycle, Tem1 function is antagonized by a GTPase-activating protein complex, Bfa1/Bub2. How the Bfa1/Bub2 complex is regulated is not well understood. We find that Polo/Cdc5 kinase acts upstream of Bfa1/Bub2 in the(More)
A role for the mitotic spindle in the maturation of the kinetochore has not been defined previously. Here we describe the isolation of a novel and conserved essential gene, ASK1, from Saccharomyces cerevisiae involved in this process. ask1 mutants display either G(2)/M arrest or segregation of DNA masses without the separation of sister chromatids,(More)
In budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Cdc5 kinase is a component of mitotic exit network (MEN), which inactivates cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) after chromosome segregation. cdc5-1 mutants arrest at telophase at the nonpermissive temperature due to the failure of CDK inactivation. To identify more negative regulators of MEN, we carried out a genetic(More)
In S. cerevisiae cells undergoing anaphase, a ras-related GTPase, Tem1, is located on the spindle pole body that enters the daughter cell and activates a signal transduction pathway, MEN, to allow mitotic exit. MEN activation must be reversed after mitotic exit to reset the cell cycle in G1. We find that daughter cells activate an Antagonist of MEN pathway(More)
At the end of the cell cycle, cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) activity is inactivated to allow mitotic exit [1]. A protein phosphatase, Cdc14, plays a key role during mitotic exit in budding yeast by activating the Cdh1 component of the anaphase-promoting complex to degrade cyclin B (Clb) and inducing the CDK inhibitor Sic1 to inactivate Cdk1 [2]. To prevent(More)
Periodically regulated cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk) is required for DNA synthesis and mitosis. Hydroxyurea (HU) inhibits DNA synthesis by depleting dNTPs, the basic unit for DNA synthesis. HU treatment triggers the S-phase checkpoint, which arrests cells at S-phase, inhibits late origin firing and stabilizes replication forks. Using budding yeast as a(More)
In the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Cdc14 is sequestered within the nucleolus before anaphase entry through its association with Net1/Cfi1, a nucleolar protein. Protein phosphatase PP2A(Cdc55) dephosphorylates Net1 and keeps it as a hypophosphorylated form before anaphase. Activation of the Cdc fourteen early anaphase release (FEAR) pathway after(More)
Cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) governs cell cycle progression, and its kinase activity fluctuates during the cell cycle. Mitotic exit pathways are responsible for the inactivation of CDK after chromosome segregation by promoting the release of a nucleolus-sequestered phosphatase, Cdc14, which antagonizes CDK. In the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae,(More)
The attachment of sister kinetochores by microtubules emanating from opposite spindle poles establishes chromosome bipolar attachment, which generates tension on chromosomes and is essential for sister-chromatid segregation. Syntelic attachment occurs when both sister kinetochores are attached by microtubules from the same spindle pole and this attachment(More)
Understanding the basis for intracellular motion is critical as the field moves toward a deeper understanding of the relation between Brownian forces, molecular crowding, and anisotropic (or isotropic) energetic forcing. Effective forces and other parameters used to summarize molecular motion change over time in live cells due to latent state changes, e.g.,(More)