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To understand the composition and structure of microbial communities in acid (pH 3.0) mine drainage (AMD) associated with pyrite mine tailings in Anhui Province, China, molecular diversities of 16S rRNA and 18S rRNA genes were examined using a PCR-based cloning approach. Bacterial, archaeal and microeukaryotic clone libraries were constructed. In contrast(More)
Liquid-crystalline ionic liquids (LCILs) are ordered materials that have untapped potential to be used as reaction media for synthetic chemistry. This paper investigates the potential for the ordered structures of LCILs to influence the stereochemical outcome of the Diels-Alder reaction between cyclopentadiene and methyl acrylate. The ratio of endo- to(More)
Accumulated reports have suggested that activation of protein kinase C (PKC) isoforms may involve the activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1/2 (ERK1/2) in the neuronal response to hypoxic stimuli. We have previously demonstrated that the membrane translocation or activation of conventional PKC (cPKC) betaII, gamma and novel PKC (nPKC)(More)
Strigolactones (SLs) are a novel class of plant hormones that inhibit shoot branching. Currently, two proteins in rice are thought to play crucial roles in SL signal transduction. DWARF14 (D14), an α/β hydrolase, is responsible for SL perception, while DWARF3 (D3), an F-box protein with leucine-rich repeats, is essential for SL signal transduction. However,(More)
Ion-exchange fibers were different from conventional ion-exchange resins in their non-cross-linked structure. The exchange was located on the surface of the framework, and the transport resistance reduced significantly, which might mean that the exchange is controlled by an ionic reaction instead of diffusion. Therefore, this work aimed to investigate the(More)
Many studies have showed that the radiation-attenuated cercariae (RAC) vaccine could induce the high protection of laboratory animals to resist the schistosoma infection by cellular and humoral mechanism. Here, we aimed to identify possible vaccine antigens by using specific IgG2 antibody from RAC-vaccinated pigs or vaccination and challenge pigs. The(More)
Cerebral ischemic/hypoxic preconditioning (I/HPC) is a phenomenon of endogenous protection that renders the brain tolerant to sustained ischemia/hypoxia. This profound protection induced by I/HPC makes it an attractive target for developing potential clinical therapeutic approaches. However, the molecular mechanism of I/HPC is unclear. Cyclic AMP (cAMP)(More)
Schistosomiasis japonica is a major public health problem in the endemic areas of China, the Philippines, and Indonesia. To date, a vaccine has not been developed against this disease but immunization with UV-attenuated cercariae can induce a high level of protective immunity in Landrace/Yorkshire/Duroc crossbred pigs. To compare the efficacy of a single(More)
BACKGROUND The vaccination of radiation-attenuated Schistosoma japonicum cercariae can induce effective protection in artiodactyl, but the immune events related to protective immunity are not fully understood. To provide a paradigm for a human recombinant antigen vaccine, we have undertaken a vaccination and challenge experiment in pigs, which was(More)
UNLABELLED Interleukin (IL)-27, a newly discovered IL-12 family cytokine, is composed of p28 and EBI3. In this study, CD11c-p28(f/f) conditional knockout mice were generated to delete p28 specifically in dendritic cells (DCs). We demonstrated that in the absence of DC-derived p28, these mice were highly susceptible to both low and higher concentrations of(More)