Yanai Zhan

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The bromodomain containing proteins TRIM24 (tripartite motif containing protein 24) and BRPF1 (bromodomain and PHD finger containing protein 1) are involved in the epigenetic regulation of gene expression and have been implicated in human cancer. Overexpression of TRIM24 correlates with poor patient prognosis, and BRPF1 is a scaffolding protein required for(More)
The SWI/SNF multisubunit complex modulates chromatin structure through the activity of two mutually exclusive catalytic subunits, SMARCA2 and SMARCA4, which both contain a bromodomain and an ATPase domain. Using RNAi, cancer-specific vulnerabilities have been identified in SWI/SNF-mutant tumors, including SMARCA4-deficient lung cancer; however, the(More)
The microRNA (miR)-200s and their negative regulator ZEB1 have been extensively studied in the context of the epithelial-mesenchymal transition. Loss of miR-200s has been shown to enhance cancer aggressiveness and metastasis, whereas replacement of miR-200 miRNAs has been shown to inhibit cell growth in several types of tumors, including lung cancer. Here,(More)
We examined the hypothesis that substance P (SP) and the neurokinin-1 receptor (NK-1R), both in vitro and in vivo, promote mucosal healing during recovery from colitis by stimulating antiapoptotic pathways in human colonic epithelial cells. For the in vitro experiments, human nontransformed NCM460 colonocytes stably transfected with NK-1R (NCM460-NK-1R(More)
PURPOSE For many tumor cells, de novo lipogenesis is a requirement for growth and survival. A considerable body of work suggests that inhibition of this pathway may be a powerful approach to antineoplastic therapy. It has recently been shown that inhibition of various steps in the lipogenic pathway individually can induce apoptosis or loss of viability in(More)
Substance P (SP) participates in acute intestinal inflammation via binding to the G-protein-coupled neurokinin-1 receptor (NK-1R) and release of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB)-driven proinflammatory cytokines from colonic epithelial cells. However, the signal transduction pathways by which SP-NK-1R interaction induces NF-kappaB activation and(More)
Neurotensin (NT) is released in the gastrointestinal tract and participates in the pathophysiology of colonic inflammation. We have shown that NT mediates acute intestinal inflammation in vivo and stimulates nuclear factor-kappaB-dependent interleukin (IL)-8 expression in nontransformed human colonocytes in vitro. However, the exact mechanisms by which NT(More)
Ghrelin, a newly identified gastric peptide, is known for its potent activity in growth hormone (GH) release and appetite. Although ghrelin is involved in several other responses such as stress and intestinal motility, its potential role in intestinal inflammation is not clear. Here, we show that expression of ghrelin and its receptor mRNA is significantly(More)
Expression of the neuropeptide neurotensin (NT) and its high affinity receptor (NTR1) is increased during the course of Clostridium difficile toxin A-induced acute colitis, and NTR1 antagonism attenuates the severity of toxin A-induced inflammation. We recently demonstrated in non-transformed human colonic epithelial NCM460 cells that NT treatment caused(More)
INTRODUCTION The radiation doses used to treat unresectable lung cancer are often limited by the proximity of normal tissues. Overexpression of c-Met, a receptor tyrosine kinase, occurs in about half of non-small-cell lung cancers (NSCLCs) and has been associated with resistance to radiation therapy and poor patient survival. We hypothesized that inhibiting(More)