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Osteopontin (OPN) is a secreted glycoprotein in both phosphorylated and non-phosphorylated forms. It contains an Arg-Gly-Asp cell-binding sequence and a thrombin-cleavage site. OPN is mainly present in the loop of Henle and distal nephrons in normal kidneys in animals and humans. After renal damage, OPN expression may be significantly up-regulated in all(More)
AIM Fluorofenidone (1-(3-fluorophenyl)-5-methyl-2-(1H)-pyridone) is a novel pyridone agent. The aim of the present study is to investigate the effects of fluorofenidone on angiotensin (Ang)II-induced fibrosis and the involved molecular mechanism in rat proximal tubular epithelial cells. METHODS NRK-52E cells, a rat proximal tubular epithelial cell line,(More)
Leukocyturia is associated with postinfectious glomerulonephritis (GN), interstitial nephritis, and renal allograft rejection. In addition, prominent infiltration of T cells and macrophages is commonly observed in the renal tissues of patients with GN, accompanied by cellular crescent formation and/or interstitial cell infiltration. Because these(More)
Signaling through the Janus kinase/signal transducers and activators of transcription (JAK/STAT) pathway, especially JAK2/STAT3, is involved in renal fibrosis. Fluorofenidone (FD), a novel pyridone agent, exerts anti-fibrotic effects in vitro and in vivo. Herein, we sought to investigate whether FD demonstrates its inhibitory function through preventing(More)
Fluorofenidone (FD) is a novel pyridone agent with significant antifibrotic effects in vitro. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of FD on renal interstitial fibrosis in rats with obstructive nephropathy caused by unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO). With pirfenidone (PD, 500 mg/kg/day) and enalapril (10 mg/kg/day) as the positive(More)
BACKGROUND There is controversy regarding the exact localization and roles of osteopontin (OPN), a multipotential chemokine, in renal injury. There is little information on the expression and role of OPN in gentamicin-induced acute tubular necrosis (ATN) and its recovery process. METHODS A severe ATN model was made using male Wistar rats by injecting(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS We evaluated the therapeutic effects of fluorofenidone (AKF-PD), a novel pyridone agent, targeting oxidative stress and fibrosis in obstructive nephropathy. METHODS AKF-PD was used to treat renal interstitial fibrosis in unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) obstructive nephropathy in rats. The expression of NOX2 (gp91phox), fibronectin(More)
AIM Oxidative stress plays an important role in the progression of renal interstitial fibrosis. The nicotinamide adeninedinucleotide phosphate (NADPH) oxidase (Nox) family is considered one of the major sources of reactive oxygen species (ROS). In the present study, we investigated the inhibitory effects of a novel anti-fibrotic agent, Fluorofenidone(More)
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