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AIM To investigate the mechanism of action of Fuzheng Huayu recipe (FZHY) and vitamin E (Vit E) against renal interstitial fibrosis related to transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) mediated tubular epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition. MATERIALS AND METHODS Renal interstitial fibrosis was induced by administration of HgCl(2) at a dose of 8 mg/kg(More)
Salvianolic acid B (Sal B) is a major water soluble component extracted from Radix Salviae miltiorrhizae, a traditional Chinese herb widely used for treating cardiovascular and hepatic diseases. Sal B has been reported to inhibit transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1-stimulated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) activation and collagen type I expression. In this(More)
The IL-12 family modulates T cell mediated autoimmune diseases and GWAS in PBC have suggested a critical role of IL-12 and its subunits in modulating portal inflammation. We have taken advantage of an aggressive model of portal inflammation and colitis in IL-2Rα(-/-) mice to study the specific role of IL-12 and, in particular, the immunobiology of(More)
Salvianolic Acid B (Sal B) is a water-soluble component from Danshen (a traditional Chinese herb widely used for chronic renal diseases) with anti-oxidative and cell protective properties. Sal B also has potential protective effects on renal diseases. Tubular epithelial cells can undergo epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), which plays an important(More)
Endophytic fungi are symbiotic with plants and possess multienzyme systems showing promising metabolite potency with region selectivity and stereoselectivity. The aim of this study was to use these special microorganisms as an in vitro model to mimic the potential mammalian metabolites of a natural iridoid gentiopicroside (GPS, compound 1). The fungi(More)
BACKGROUND Enzymes involved in drug and xenobiotic metabolism have been considered to exist in two groups: phase I and phase II enzymes. Cytochrome P450 isoenzymes (CYPs) are the most important phase I enzymes in the metabolism of xenobiotics. The products of phase I metabolism are then acted upon by phase II enzymes, including glutathione S-transferases(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY Fuzheng Huayu recipe (FZHY) was formulated on the basis of Chinese medicine theory in treating liver fibrosis. It has a significant efficacy against liver fibrosis caused by chronic hepatitis B, with the action mechanisms of inhibition of hepatic stellate cell activation, protection of hepatocyte oxidative injury and regulations of hepatic(More)
BACKGROUND What was the relationship of Fuzheng Huayu recipe (FZHY) inhibiting hepatocyte apoptosis and HSC activation at different stage of liver fibrosis? In order to answer this question, the study was carried out to dynamically observe FZHY's effect on hepatocyte apoptosis and HSC activation and further explored underling mechanism of FZHY against(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the mechanism of Danggui Buxue Decoction (, DBD) on the liver fifibrosis related to hepatic lipid peroxidation and matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) -2/9 activities. METHODS The liver fifibrosis in 28 rats was induced by an injection of carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4)) and fed with high lipid and low protein diet for 6 weeks, the model(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the mechanism of Fuzheng Huayu recipe (FZHY), a compound traditional Chinese herbal medicine, against liver fibrosis related to transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1)/Smads signaling transduction. METHODS The research consisted of in vitro and in vivo experiments. In the in vivo experiment, 37 male Wistar rats were divided into 3(More)