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Lysosomes are acidic organelles that have a crucial role in degrading intracellular macromolecules and organelles during the final stage of autophagy. Tetrandrine (Tet), a bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloid, was reported as an autophagy activator. Here, in contrast with previous studies, we show that Tet is a potent lysosomal deacidification agent and is able(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of human adipose derived stem cells (ADSCs) on the viability and apoptosis of human bladder cancer cells. EJ and T24 cells were cocultured with ADSCs or cultured with conditioned medium of ADSCs (ADSC-CM), respectively. The cell counting and colony formation assay showed ADSCs inhibited the proliferation of(More)
The tumour vascular microenvironment supports tumorigenesis not only by supplying oxygen and diffusible nutrients but also by secreting soluble factors that promote tumorigenesis. Here we identify a feedforward mechanism in which endothelial cells (ECs), in response to tumour-derived mediators, release angiocrines driving aberrant vascularization and(More)
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of death worldwide. The use of stem cells to improve recovery of the injured heart after myocardial infarction (MI) is an important emerging therapeutic strategy. However, recent reviews of clinical trials of stem cell therapy for MI and ischemic heart disease recovery report that less than half of the(More)
The treatment of patients with hematopoietic progenitor and stem cells (HPSCs) to reconstitute hematopoiesis after myeloablative therapy or to repair ischemia after myocardial infarction has significantly improved clinical outcomes. Successful blood or bone marrow transplants require a sufficient number of HPSCs capable of homing to the injured site to(More)
AIM We conducted this study to identify gene promoter methylation status and clinical predictors for upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) patients. MATERIALS & METHODS Using methylation-sensitive PCR, we examined ten genes promoter methylation status in 687 UTUC patients. RESULTS A methylated promoter of three genes to predict higher tumor stage (T3(More)
Thrombosis, like other cardiovascular diseases, has a strong genetic component, with largely unknown determinants. EMILIN2, Elastin Microfibril Interface Located Protein2, was identified as a candidate gene for thrombosis in mouse and human quantitative trait loci studies. EMILIN2 is expressed during cardiovascular development, on cardiac stem cells, and in(More)
The coiled coil is a superhelical structural protein motif involved in a diverse array of biological functions, and the abnormal expression of the coiled-coil domain containing proteins has a direct link with the phenotype of tumor cell migration, invasion and metastasis. The aim of this study was to investigate the critical role of Coiled-coil(More)
To study pathological changes of fibromuscular system and the role of TGF-β1/Smad pathway in the urethra of a parturition-induced stress urinary incontinence (SUI) rat model. Twenty-eight 8-week-old Sprague-Dawley female rats at gestational day 16 were used and randomized into two groups: sham group and SUI group. After delivery, rats in the SUI group(More)
by sunitinib could be significantly influenced. Conclusions: It suggests that sunitinib may inhibit the process of glycolysis, further induced autophagy and apoptosis. Cite this abstract as: Xi Z. Sunitinib affects autophagy and apoptosis via regulation of glycolysis in renal cell carcinoma Background: Urothelial carcinoma of the bladder is a major cause of(More)