Yan-lin Zhao

Learn More
Associations of interleukin-10 (IL-10) gene promoter polymorphisms and pleural tuberculosis risk remain unclear. The objective of this study was to determine IL-10 gene promoter polymorphisms at -1082, -819 and -592 sites and their protein production in pleural fluid (PF) in patients with and without pleural tuberculosis. IL-10 gene promoter polymorphisms(More)
BACKGROUND Tuberculosis (TB), caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC), is one of the major causes of death in the world today. Although China has the second largest global case rate of tuberculosis, a systematic study of TB prevalence in China has not been completed. From 2006 to 2007, the base line surveillance of tuberculosis was carried out(More)
BACKGROUND An increasing incidence of disease caused by nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) is being reported. The purpose of this study was to determine the isolation rates of NTM from various clinical specimens, and their antimicrobial susceptibility patterns, over a 4-year period in Shanghai. METHODS All NTM isolated between 2005 and 2008 at Shanghai(More)
Development of tuberculosis is mediated by both environmental and genetic factors. The Ipr1 (intracellular pathogen resistance-1) gene has been identified at the sst1 (super-susceptibility to tuberculosis 1) locus on mouse chromosome 1. As Ipr1 plays a major role in mediating innate immunity in a mouse model of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection, the(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the difference of gene expression profile in tuberculosis patients. METHODS mRNA levels of pleural fluid and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) in tuberculous pleurisy and lung cancer patients were compared by cDNA microarray. Paired mRNAs from fluid specimens of tuberculosis and lung cancer cases were labeled with different(More)
BACKGROUND Genechip (CapitalBio, Beijing, China) is a system for diagnosing resistance to rifampin and isoniazid, which shows high efficiency in detecting drug-resistant tuberculosis. Here, we firstly evaluated the costs of Genechip for detecting the drug susceptibility of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, compared to conventional drug susceptibility test (DST)(More)
Interleukin-18 (IL-18) is a multi-functional cytokine capable of inducing either Th1 or Th2 polarization depending on the immunologic milieu. IL-18 may influence the host response to Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M.tb) infection. To investigate the relationship between single nucleotide polymorphisms of the IL-18 and susceptibility to pulmonary tuberculosis(More)
Multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) remains a serious threat to public health. Mutational analysis of the gene encoding the beta subunit of RNA polymerase (rpoB) is an established and widely used surrogate marker for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB). The rpoB-based drug-resistant assay requires relatively less time to(More)
OBJECTIVES The Liver X receptors (LXRs), Liver X receptor A (LXRA) and Liver X receptor B (LXRB), regulate lipid metabolism and antimicrobial response. LXRs have a crucial role in the control of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M.tb). Lacking LXRs mice is more susceptibility to infection M.tb, developing higher bacterial burdens and an increase in the size and(More)
OBJECTIVE The mechanisms of resistance to para-aminosalicylic acid (PAS) are undefined. In this study, we explored the mechanisms of M. tuberculosis PAS resistance in clinical isolates. METHOD The whole sequence of thymidylate synthase (thyA) gene encoding thyA genes was sequenced in 51 para-aminosalicylic acid (PAS)-sensitive and 44 resistant M.(More)