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The causative agent of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) has been identified as a new type of coronavirus, SARS-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV). CD8 T cells play an important role in controlling diseases caused by other coronaviruses and in mediating vaccine-induced protective immunity in corresponding animal models. The spike protein, a main(More)
Activation of T cells to the capsid of adeno-associated virus (AAV) serotype 2 vectors has been implicated in liver toxicity in a recent human gene therapy trial of hemophilia B. To further investigate this kind of toxicity, we evaluated T-cell responses to AAV capsids after intramuscular injection of vectors into mice and nonhuman primates. High levels of(More)
This study evaluated the use of a chimpanzee-based adenovirus vaccine in mouse and Guinea pigs models of Zaire Ebola virus (ZEBOV) infection. Vaccine vector expressing the envelope glycoprotein of ZEBOV was created from the molecular clone of chimpanzee adenovirus pan7 (AdC7). AdC7 vaccine stimulated robust T and B cell responses to ZEBOV in naïve mice(More)
Replication-deficient human adenovirus type 5 (AdH5) vectors can induce strong transgene product-specific cellular and humoral responses. However, many adult humans have neutralizing antibodies (NAbs) against AdH5 as a result of natural infection with this virus. Therefore, a chimpanzee adenovirus C7 (AdC7) vector was developed to circumvent interference by(More)
A ferret model of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)-CoV infection was used to evaluate the efficacy of an adenovirus vaccine. Animals were subjected to heterologous prime-boost using vectors from human serotype 5 and chimpanzee derived adenoviruses (human AdHu5 and chimpanzee AdC7) expressing spike protein followed by intranasal challenge with(More)
We recently discovered an expanded family of adeno-associated viruses (AAVs) that show promise as improved gene therapy vectors. In this study we evaluated the potential of vectors based on several of these novel AAVs as vaccine carriers for human immunodeficiency virus type 1 Gag. Studies with mice indicated that vectors based on AAV type 7 (AAV7), AAV8,(More)
Adenoviral vectors can be used to generate potent humoral and cellular immune responses to transgene products. Use of adenoviral vectors based on non-human isolates may allow for their utilization in populations harbouring neutralizing antibodies to common human serotypes. A vector chimera was constructed using simian adenovirus 22 (a serotype belonging to(More)
Recent publication of a revised section for mycoplasma testing in the European Pharmacopoeia has led to interest in validating a nucleic acid amplification technique (NAT) for use in detection of mycoplasma contaminants in biologics drugs. The replacement by or supplementation of the existing culture-based methods with a PCR-based method has several(More)
Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) emerged in 2002 as a severe and highly contagious infectious disease that rapidly spread to a number of different countries. The collaborative efforts of the global scientific community have provided, within a short period of time, substantial insights into the molecular biology and immunology of SARS-CoV. Although(More)
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