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Crop domestications are long-term selection experiments that have greatly advanced human civilization. The domestication of cultivated rice (Oryza sativa L.) ranks as one of the most important developments in history. However, its origins and domestication processes are controversial and have long been debated. Here we generate genome sequences from 446(More)
Phytoplasmas, the causal agents of numerous plant diseases, are insect-vector-transmitted, cell-wall-less bacteria descended from ancestral low-G+C-content Gram-positive bacteria in the Bacillus-Clostridium group. Despite their monophyletic origin, widely divergent phytoplasma lineages have evolved in adaptation to specific ecological niches. Classification(More)
Collaborative Innovation Networks (COINs) are groups of self-motivated individuals from various parts of an organization or from multiple organizations, empowered by the Internet, who work together on a new idea, driven by a common vision. In this paper we report first results of a project that examines innovation networks by analyzing the e-mail archives(More)
1 T he fifth phase of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP5) is at present running simulations using state-of-the-art models to provide information about the likely evolution of climate over the twenty-first century, with additional experiments to analyse the uncertainties inherent in these projections 1. Models that perform equally well for(More)
Nutrient use efficiency (NuUE), comprising nutrient uptake and utilization efficiency, is regarded as one of the most important factors for wheat yield. In the present study, six morphological, nine nutrient content and nine nutrient utilization efficiency traits were investigated at the seedling stage using a set of recombinant inbred lines (RILs), under(More)
We present two new hybrid meta exchange-correlation functionals, called M06 and M06-2X. The M06 functional is parametrized including both transition metals and nonmetals, whereas the M06-2X functional is a high-nonlocality functional with double the amount of nonlocal exchange (2X), and it is parametrized only for nonmetals.The functionals, along with the(More)
Recently, a technique called quotient cube was proposed as a summary structure for a data cube that preserves its semantics, with applications for online exploration and visualization. The authors showed that a quotient cube can be constructed very efficiently and it leads to a significant reduction in the cube size. While it is an interesting proposal,(More)
Estrogen provides neuroprotection against neurodegenerative diseases, including Parkinson's disease. Its effects may stem from interactions with neurons, astrocytes, and microglia. We demonstrate here in primary cultures of rat mesencephalic neurons that estrogen protects them from injury induced by conditioned medium obtained from lipopolysaccharide(More)