Learn More
Numerical experiments are conducted to investigate the effects of giant cloud condensation Ž . nuclei CCN on the development of precipitation in mixed-phase convective clouds. The results show that the strongest effects of introducing giant CCN occur when the background concentration of small nuclei is high, as that in continental clouds. Under these(More)
Treating children with steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS) has been a clinical challenge for pediatricians. We recruited 24 children (18 boys and six girls) with steroid-resistant idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (SRINS) who were <2 years. All patients were administered prednisone 2 mg/kg per day prior to mycophenolate mofetil (MMF). By the end of the(More)
Studies using animal models have shown that depression affects the stability of the microbiota, but the actual structure and composition in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) are not well understood. Here, we analyzed fecal samples from 46 patients with depression (29 active-MDD and 17 responded-MDD) and 30 healthy controls (HCs). High-throughput(More)
External genitalia are body appendages specialized for internal fertilization. Their development can be divided into two phases, an early androgen-independent phase and a late androgen-dependent sexual differentiation phase. In the early phase, the embryonic anlage of external genitalia, the genital tubercle (GT), is morphologically identical in both sexes.(More)
We evaluated neoadjuvant ipilimumab in patients with surgically operable regionally advanced melanoma in order to define markers of activity in the blood and tumor as assessed at baseline (before ipilimumab) and early on-treatment. Patients were treated with ipilimumab (10 mg/kg intravenously every 3 weeks ×2 doses) bracketing surgery. Tumor and blood(More)
In Drosophila, anatomically discrete dopamine neurons that innervate distinct zones of the mushroom body (MB) assign opposing valence to odors during olfactory learning. Subsets of MB neurons have temporally unique roles in memory processing, but valence-related organization has not been demonstrated. We functionally subdivided the αβ neurons, revealing a(More)
Chromophoric dissolved organic matter (CDOM) is an important optically active substance that transports nutrients, heavy metals, and other pollutants from terrestrial to aquatic systems and is used as a measure of water quality. To investigate how the source and composition of CDOM changes in both space and time, we used chemical, spectroscopic, and(More)
AIM To analyze the accuracy of computed tomography (CT) angiography in the diagnosis of acute gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding. METHODS The MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cancerlit, Cochrane Library database, Sciencedirect, Springerlink and Scopus, from January 1995 to December 2009, were searched for studies evaluating the accuracy of CT angiography in diagnosing acute(More)
Immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) presents as nephrotic syndrome (NS) relatively rarely, and the current treatment experience of IgAN patients with NS is mostly with adults. The objective of our study was to investigate the efficacy of corticosteroids and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) in treating childhood immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) with nephrotic(More)
Little is known about how spontaneous brain activity during the resting state may be altered in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) compared to traumatized individuals. In the current study, we used a measure of amplitude of low-frequency (0.01-0.08 Hz) fluctuation (ALFF) to investigate the regional baseline brain function of this disorder. Fifty-four(More)