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BACKGROUND Anthocyanins have been shown to improve endothelial function in animal models. However, whether these compounds have similar beneficial effects in humans is largely unknown. METHODS In a short-term crossover study, 12 hypercholesterolemic individuals were given oral anthocyanins (320 mg) isolated from berries or placebo. Brachial artery(More)
Although somatic cells can be successfully programmed to create pluripotent stem cells by ectopically expressing defined transcriptional factors, reprogramming efficiency is low and the reprogramming mechanism remains unclear. Previous reports have shown that almost all human connexin (CX) isoforms are expressed by human embryonic stem (hES) cells and that(More)
OBJECTIVE(S) Accumulating evidence has demonstrated that miRNAs contribute to various genetic and epigenetic modifications in the pathogenesis of gastric cancer (GC). Recent studies focused on the four single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of pre-miRNAs including rs11614913, rs3746444, rs2910164, and rs2292832. It was suggested that these four SNPs were(More)
BACKGROUND The present study was aimed at clarifying the expression of ubiquitin carboxyl-terminal hydrolase 22 (USP22), a novel deubiquitinating enzyme gene, in colorectal cancer (CRC) and its clinical significance. METHODS USP22 expression was detected with quantitative RT-PCR, Western blot, and immunohistochemistry (IHC) in 43 CRCs and non-cancerous(More)
Natural vitamin E is a mixture of two classes of compounds, tocopherols and tocotrienols. Recent research has revealed that tocotrienols, especially gamma-tocotrienol, exhibit not only the same antioxidant ability as tocopherols, but also remarkable anticancer capacity in cancer cell lines. In this study, the invasion and metastatic capacities of gastric(More)
Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in pre-miRNAs may alter microRNA (miRNA) expression levels or processing and contribute to susceptibility to a wide range of diseases. We investigated the correlation between four SNPs (rs11614913, rs3746444, rs2910164, and rs229283) in pre-miRNAs and the risk of asthma in 220 asthma patients and 540 controls using(More)
D-limonene is recognized as a potential chemotherapeutic agent, however, the details of this mechanism remain unclear. In this study, we investigated the effects of d-limonene on colon cancer cell viability and its potential mechanism of action in vitro. After 48 h of treatment, d-limonene suppressed the viability(More)
Human NUDC (hNUDC) was initially characterized as a nuclear migration protein based on the similarity of its C-terminus to that of fungal NUDC from Aspergillus nidulans. However, hNUDC is a 331 amino acid protein whereas fungal NUDC is 198 amino acids in length. The extra N-terminal portion of hNUDC has no known function or homology to other proteins. In(More)
C-repeat/dehydration-responsive element binding factors (CBF/DREBs) play a vital regulatory role in abiotic stress responses in plants. We isolated the ZmDBP4 gene, a member of the A-1 subgroup of the CBF/DREB subfamily, from maize seedlings. A ZmDBP4::hGFP fusion protein was found to localize into the nucleus upon introduction into epidermal onion cells.(More)
BACKGROUND N-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, such as docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; 22:6n-3), has clinical significance in the prevention and reversal of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). However, the precious mechanism underlying remains unclear. The inflammasome, a multiprotein complex formed by NOD-like receptor (NLR) family members, has been recently(More)