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Renal proximal tubular cell (RPTC) dedifferentiation is thought to be a prerequisite for regenerative proliferation and migration after renal injury. However, the specific mediators and the mechanisms that regulate RPTC dedifferentiation have not been elucidated. Because epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor activity is required for recovery from acute(More)
The relaxin and insulin-like peptide 3 receptors, LGR7 and LGR8, respectively, are unique members of the leucine-rich repeat-containing G-protein-coupled receptor (LGR) family, because they possess an N-terminal motif with homology to the low density lipoprotein class A (LDLa) modules. By characterizing several LGR7 and LGR8 splice variants, we have(More)
Many biomolecules, mainly proteins, adsorb onto polymer particles to form a dynamic protein corona in biological environments. The protein corona can significantly influence particle-cell interactions, including internalization and pathway activation. In this work, we demonstrate the differential roles of a given protein corona formed in cell culture media(More)
We aimed to systematically investigate the potential association of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9, -3, -2, and -8 gene polymorphisms with susceptibility to periodontitis using meta-analysis. A literature search in PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science was conducted to obtain relevant publications. Finally a total of 16 articles with 24 case-control studies(More)
Dedifferentiation, a process by which differentiated cells become mesenchymal-like proliferating cells, is the first step in renal epithelium repair and occurs in vivo after acute kidney injury and in vitro in primary culture. However, the underlying mechanism remains poorly understood. In this report, we studied the signaling events that mediate(More)
The development of responsive polymeric carriers for intracellular drug/gene delivery is a burgeoning research area, chiefl y owing to the enhanced therapeutic benefi ts offered by these systems over traditional administration methods. [ 1 ] To date, a broad range of delivery systems has been reported, including polymer nanoparticles,(More)
We report the modular assembly of a polymer-drug conjugate into covalently stabilized, responsive, biodegradable, and drug-loaded capsules with control over drug dose and position in the multilayer film. The cancer therapeutic, doxorubicin hydrochloride (DOX), was conjugated to alkyne-functionalized poly(l-glutamic acid) (PGA(Alk)) via amide bond formation.(More)
Reactive oxygen species, including hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)), are generated during ischemia-reperfusion and are critically involved in acute renal failure. The present studies examined the role of the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway in H(2)O(2)-induced renal proximal tubular cells (RPTC) apoptosis. Exposure of RPTC to 1 mM H(2)O(2)(More)
The development of multidrug resistance (MDR) to chemotherapeutic agents is a major challenge in effective cancer treatment and contributes to treatment failure in over 90% of patients with metastatic cancer. [ 1 ] The most common underlying mechanism of MDR has been correlated with the overexpression of the ATP binding cassette (ABC) transporters,(More)
BACKGROUND Several studies have investigated the association between interleukin (IL)-4 gene -590 C/T, -33 C/T, or 70-base pair (70-bp) polymorphisms and periodontitis susceptibility but with conflicting results. Hence, a meta-analysis was conducted to explore whether these polymorphisms are associated with periodontitis susceptibility. METHODS A(More)