Yan Yan-Neale

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The dynamic balance between histone acetylation and deacetylation plays a significant role in the regulation of gene transcription. Much of our current understanding of this transcriptional control comes from the use of HDAC inhibitors such as trapoxin A (TPX), which leads to hyperacetylated histone, alters local chromatin architecture and transcription and(More)
5-Methylthioadenosine phosphorylase (MTAP) is a key enzyme in the methionine salvage pathway. The MTAP gene is frequently deleted in human cancers because of its chromosomal proximity to the tumor suppressor gene CDKN2A. By interrogating data from a large-scale short hairpin RNA-mediated screen across 390 cancer cell line models, we found that the viability(More)
HDAC1, a member of the histone deacetylase family, is involved in transcription regulation through the modification of chromatin structure. Several studies also implicated HDAC1 in tumorigenesis. Much attention has been concentrated on protein-protein interactions involving HDAC1 and the possibility that posttranslational modifications may occur in(More)
Dynamic changes in the post-translational modification pattern of histories such as acetylation, deacetylation, phosphorylation, methylation and ubiquitination are thought to provide a code for correct regulation of gene expression by affecting chromatin structure and interaction with regulatory factors. Our studies focus on the role of histone deacetylases(More)
HDAC inhibitors are promising antitumor drugs with several HDAC inhibitors already in clinical trials. LAQ824, a potent pan-HDAC inhibitor, has been shown to induce cell cycle arrest and cell death. However, the mechanism of its antitumor effects and specially its tumor selectivity are still poorly understood. The focus of this study is to elucidate LAQ824(More)
Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors have shown promise in treating various forms of cancer. However, many HDAC inhibitors from diverse structural classes have been associated with QT prolongation in humans. Inhibition of the human ether a-go-go related gene (hERG) channel has been associated with QT prolongation and fatal arrhythmias. To determine if the(More)
HDAC1 is a member of the histone deacetylase family, which plays an important role in modulating the eukaryotic chromatin structure. Numerous studies have demonstrated its involvement in transcription and in tumorigenesis. To better understand the functions and regulation of HDAC1, a yeast two-hybrid screening approach was chosen to identify novel(More)
Inspired by natural product HDAC inhibitors, we prepared a series of conformationally restrained HDAC inhibitors based on the hydroxamic acid dacinostat (LAQ824, 7). Several scaffolds with improved biochemical and cellular potency, as well as attenuated hERG inhibition, were identified, suggesting that the introduction of molecular rigidity is a viable(More)
Tankyrases (TNKS) play roles in Wnt signaling, telomere homeostasis, and mitosis, offering attractive targets for anticancer treatment. Using unbiased combination screening in a large panel of cancer cell lines, we have identified a strong synergy between TNKS and MEK inhibitors (MEKi) in KRAS-mutant cancer cells. Our study uncovers a novel function of TNKS(More)