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UNLABELLED We describe an integrated java-based program that provides elaborate graphic and plain-text output of pairwise linkage disequilibrium (LD) analysis of single nucleotide polymorphisms genotypic data. It is most suitable for molecular geneticists, who are focusing on LD measures estimation, statistical significance test and extent prediction. (More)
IP source address spoofing is used by DDoS and DrDoS attacks in the Internet. This paper presents a signature-and-verification based IP spoofing prevention method, Automatic Peer-to-Peer Based Anti-Spoofing Method (APPA). APPA has two levels: Intra-AS (Autonomous System) level and Inter-AS level. In the Intra-AS level, the end host tags a one-time key into(More)