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Rotenone is a widely used pesticide. Administration of rotenone can induce biochemical and histological alterations similar to those of Parkinson's disease in rats, leading to the selective loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta. However, it remains unclear why rotenone seems to affect preferentially dopaminergic cells. To(More)
Manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) catalyzes the dismutation of a specific type of reactive oxygen species, superoxide radicals, into hydrogen per-oxide and oxygen (1). Accumulation of reactive oxygen species can damage DNA, proteins, and lipids, leading to the initiation or promotion of cancer (2,3). MnSOD, the only known superoxide scavenger in(More)
Rotenone is an inhibitor of mitochondrial complex I that produces a model of Parkinson's disease (PD), in which neurons undergo dopamine release dysfunction and other features. In neurons, exocytosis is one of the processes associated with dopamine release and is dependent on Ca(2+) dynamic changes of the cell. In the present study, we have investigated the(More)
Neurons are metabolically active cells with high energy demands. Thus, neurons are particularly reliant on mitochondrial function, especially on the homeostasis properties of mitochondria. This is reflected by the observation that mitochondrial abnormalities have been well recognized to contribute to neurodegenerative diseases, like Parkinson's disease(More)
It has been confirmed that mitochondrial impairment may underlie both sporadic and familial Parkinson's disease (PD). Mitochondrial fission/fusion and biogenesis are key processes in regulating mitochondrial homeostasis. Therefore, we explored whether the protective effect of resveratrol in rotenone-induced neurotoxicity was associated with mitochondrial(More)
14-3-3 proteins have been confirmed to be involved in Parkinson’s disease. It has been reported that an increase of 14-3-3 (theta, epsilon, and gamma) expression has neuroprotective effect in response to rotenone and MPP+ in dopaminergic cell culture and transgenic C. elegans with alpha-synuclein overexpression. To further investigate the detail mechanism(More)
INTRODUCTION The aim of this study was to construct a lentivirus vector with survivin promoter (pSur)-driven apoptin and test its efficiency in suppressing the growth of tumor cells. MATERIAL AND METHODS Expression cassettes with different fragments of survivin gene promoter (pSur, 161 bp, 272 bp, 990 bp) driving 6XHis-tagged apoptin were constructed to(More)
Rotenone, a mitochondrial complex-I inhibitor, has been verified to cause dopaminergic neurons degeneration in vivo and in vitro, and the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc) and the striatum are the main target organs of rotenone in the rat brain. However, whether rotenone could cause damage to other regions in the brain has been unclear till now. To(More)
Parkinson’s disease is a common neurodegenerative disease in the elderly, and mitochondrial defects underlie the pathogenesis of PD. Impairment of mitochondrial homeostasis results in reactive oxygen species formation, which in turn can potentiate the accumulation of dysfunctional mitochondria, forming a vicious cycle in the neuron. Mitochondrial(More)
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