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The JC polyomavirus (JCV) is ubiquitous in humans infecting children asymptomatically, then persisting in renal tissue. Since JCV DNA can be readily isolated from urine, it should be a useful tool with which to study the evolution of DNA viruses in humans. We showed that JCV DNA from the urine of Japanese, Taiwanese, Dutch and German patients can be(More)
JC polyomavirus (JCV) is ubiquitous in humans, persisting in renal tissue and excreting progeny in urine. It has been shown that the genotyping of urinary JCV offers a novel means of tracing human migrations. This approach was used to elucidate the racial composition of modern China. JCV isolates in the Old World were previously classified into nine(More)
CYP1A1 plays an essential role in pathogenesis of head and neck cancers. Functional CYP1A1 Ile462Val and MspI single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) are considered to have significant effects on risk of head and neck cancers. Several case-control studies have examined how these genetic polymorphisms are involved in development of this group of malignancies,(More)
AIMS Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is suggested as one of the positive regulators in the invasive progression of renal cell cancer (RCC). Recently, Id-1 (inhibitor of differentiation or DNA binding), a helix-loop-helix transcription factor, has been identified as one of the key factors in the EGFR signalling pathway. The aim of this study was to(More)
A high-throughput experimental methodology was developed for photocatalysis reaction. In this work, a CCD imaging analysis system and photocatalytic reactor for UV light was designed and tested. By making use of the technologies, we have screened several catalyst libraries. From the SiO2-supported single component catalyst library, we found that TiO2, ZrO2,(More)
OBJECTIVE To modify laparoscopy in urology. METHOD From May 1992 to Nov. 1996, 141 patients (110 males and 31 females) were subjected to laparoscopy in the treatment of urological diseases. The age of the patients ranged from 9 to 76 years (mean 39 years). Five patients had nephrectomy, 12 adrenalectomy, 48 renal cyst resection, 61 high ligation of(More)
Measurement of soluble CD30 (sCD30) levels may predict acute rejection episodes (ARE). To explore the value of sCD30 after transplantation, we tested serum sCD30 levels in 58 kidney transplant cases at 1 day before and 7 and 28 days after transplantation by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The incidences of ARE after kidney transplantation were(More)
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a well-described proinflammatory mediator. MIF overexpression has been observed in many tumors and is implicated in oncogenic transformation and tumor progression. However, the molecular mechanisms responsible for regulating MIF expression remain poorly understood. In this study, we showed that the(More)
BACKGROUND The blood vessels of a transplanted organ are an interface between the donor and the recipient. The endothelium is believed to be a major target for graft rejection. After transplantation endothelial cells of a transplanted organ may be of recipient origin. OBJECTIVES In this study we sought to determine whether endothelial chimerism correlates(More)
Dimethylarsinic acid (DMA), a main metabolite of arsenicals which are carcinogenic in man, exerts tumor-promoting activity on rat urinary bladder carcinogenesis initiated with N-butyl-N-(4-hydroxybutyl)nitrosamine (BBN). Sodium L-ascorbate (Na-AsA) is also a strong tumor promoter in this animal model. In this study, we used (LewisxF344)F, rats to compare(More)