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Selective translation of survival proteins is an important facet of the cellular stress response. We recently demonstrated that this translational control involves a stress-specific reprogramming of modified ribonucleosides in tRNA. Here we report the discovery of a step-wise translational control mechanism responsible for survival following oxidative(More)
1. The haplogroups and polymorphisms of mitochondrial (mt) DNA are associated with longevity. This association is highly geographically dependent. The aim of the present study was to determine the relationship between mtDNA haplogroups, single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and longevity in the Chinese Uygur population. 2. Ninety-eight Uygur Chinese(More)
The aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases are prominently known for their classic function in the first step of protein synthesis, where they bear the responsibility of setting the genetic code. Each enzyme is exquisitely adapted to covalently link a single standard amino acid to its cognate set of tRNA isoacceptors. These ancient enzymes have evolved(More)
Magnetic nonviral gene vectors were in situ prepared in the presence of ferrous salts and hyperbranched poly(ethylenimine)s (HPEI) with different molecular weights. HPEI, one of the most promising nonviral vectors, was not only utilized as the nanoreactor and stabilizer to prepare magnetic nanoparticles, but also skillfully used as a base supplier to avoid(More)
1. Events in utero appear to have a significant role in the development of cardiovascular dysfunction in adulthood. In the present study, we evaluated the effects of prenatal exposure to zymosan, a non-infectious and non-bacterial agent capable of inducing inflammation, on mean systolic arterial pressure (MSAP) in rat offspring at 6-66 weeks of age. 2.(More)
Mitochondrial single nucleotide polymorphisms (mtSNPs) have been reported to associate with type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), but mtSNPs appear to be considerably different among different populations and regions. To determine mtSNPs in Chinese Han patients with T2DM, the entire sequences of the mitochondrial genomes from 72 T2DM Chinese (59 +/- 4 years) and(More)
This work presents a highly efficient, broad spectrum and self-delivery anticancer agent, which is the hyperbranched polydiselenide (HPSe) consisting of alternative hydrophobic diselenide groups and hydrophilic phosphate segments in the backbone framework. The data of systematic evaluations demonstrate that HPSe is very potent to inhibit the proliferation(More)
Lycopene, the red pigment of the tomato, is under investigation for the chemoprevention of prostate cancer. Because dietary lycopene has been reported to concentrate in the human prostate, its uptake and subcellular localization were investigated in the controlled environment of cell culture using the human prostate cancer cell lines LNCaP, PC-3, and DU145.(More)
Interestingly, some lymphoma cells, expressing high levels of transmembrane (tm)TNF-alpha, are resistant to secretory (s)TNF-alpha-induced necrosis but sensitive to tmTNF-alpha-mediated apoptosis. As tmTNF-alpha mediates "forward" as well as "reverse" signaling, we hypothesize that a balanced signaling between forward and reverse directions may play a(More)
Novel supramolecular copolymer micelles with stimuli-responsive abilities were successfully prepared through the complementary multiple hydrogen bonds of nucleobases and then applied for rapid intracellular release of drugs. First, both adenine-terminated poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL-A) and uracil-terminated poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG-U) were synthesized. The(More)