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The recycling of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) from the cell surface via the endocytic pathways plays a key role in the generation of amyloid beta peptide (Abeta) in Alzheimer disease. We report here that inherited variants in the SORL1 neuronal sorting receptor are associated with late-onset Alzheimer disease. These variants, which occur in at least(More)
The proliferation of digital images and the widespread distribution of digital data that has been made possible by the Internet has increased problems associated with copyright infringement on digital images. Watermarking schemes have been proposed to safeguard copyrighted images, but watermarks are vulnerable to image processing and geometric distortions(More)
One of the goals of livestock genomics research is to identify the genetic differences responsible for variation in phenotypic traits, particularly those of economic importance. Characterizing the genetic variation in livestock species is an important step towards linking genes or genomic regions with phenotypes. The completion of the bovine genome sequence(More)
The number and activity of brown adipocytes are linked to the ability of mammals to resist body fat accumulation. In some conditions, certain white adipose tissue (WAT) depots are readily convertible to a ''brown-like'' state, which is associated with weight loss. Irisin, a newly identified hormone, is secreted by skeletal muscles into circulation and(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a common progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized clinically by a combination of motor symptoms. Identifying novel PD genetic risk factors is important for understanding its pathogenesis. A recent study suggested that up to 21% of subjects with PD may have mutations in the glucocerebrosidase (GBA) gene. We(More)
We describe here the analysis of random T-DNA insertions that were generated as part of a large-scale insertional mutagenesis project for Magnaporthe oryzae. Chromosomal regions flanking T-DNA insertions were rescued by inverse PCR, sequenced and used to search the M. oryzae genome assembly. Among the 175 insertions for which at least one flank was rescued,(More)
We aim to develop a new self-reconfigurable modular robot, Cross-Ball, so that we can apply bio-inspired morphogenesis mechanisms to modular robots to adapt to dynamic environments automatically. To this end, the mechanical design of modular robots has to be flexible and robust enough for various complex configurations. The major contributions of the design(More)
In this study, we isolated CD31(-), CD34(-), CD106(-) (VCAM-1(-)), and fetal liver kinase(+) (Flk1(+)) cells from adipose tissue. These cells can be induced to differentiate into cells of osteogenic and adipogenic lineages in vitro and were termed adipose derived adult stem cells (ADAS cells). We also showed that they have characteristics of endothelial(More)
Total white blood cell (WBC) and neutrophil counts are lower among individuals of African descent due to the common African-derived "null" variant of the Duffy Antigen Receptor for Chemokines (DARC) gene. Additional common genetic polymorphisms were recently associated with total WBC and WBC sub-type levels in European and Japanese populations. No(More)
Several studies have reported an association of Alzheimer's disease (AD) with polymorphic markers in SORL1. Data from a recently published genome-wide association study in AD have been made publicly available. We tested the association of AD with SORL1 in this dataset (Translational Genomics Research Institute; TGEN), which included 31 SORL1 single(More)